Hardeck Castle

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Hardeck Castle
Detailed view of Hardeck Castle

The Hardeck castle stands in the market Neualbenreuth , Tirschenreuth in Upper Palatinate , west of the spa Sibyllenbad in the same small town Hardeck. It is 24 by 12 meters in size and stands on a 15 meter high, steep rock outcrop made of slate granite in the middle of park-like grounds with a beautiful view of the southern landscape.


Hardeck village and castle

The rural properties of the village of Hardeck are grouped around the Hardeck Castle, a former imperial castle, first mentioned in 1238, which once belonged to the castle wreath of the Staufer around the imperial castle in Eger, today's Cheb in the Czech Republic . Until the 18th century, Hardeck Castle was the seat of the court and nursing office in the Frais and the summer and hunting seat of the abbots of the Waldsassen monastery and was converted into a small castle. The official palace (house no. 14) was to be sold after the secularization in Bavaria in 1803. Since no buyer could be found, the castle building was rented until 1848, when it was bought by master dyer Johann Ruderer, who set up a dye works. The castle building is now owned by his descendants.

13th and 14th centuries

The current Hardeck Castle near Neualbenreuth was a medieval castle and was called "castrum Hardekke" at the beginning of the 14th century, in 1434 as "veste Hardeckh" and "munitio Hardeck". When and by whom it was built is unknown. The name can be traced back to Middle High German Hardt (Hart) (mountain forest, wooded mountain range) with a corner (a corner, a sharp edge). It is possible that the castle was a ministerial seat of the imperial city of Eger on the border of the settlement area of ​​the West Slavic Chods and a base in the north of the Gau in the 13th century . When Rudolf I of Habsburg and King Wenzel II of Bohemia met in 1289 , an Albrecht von Hardeck was mentioned in the wake, but he probably comes from the Immediate County of Hardegg in Lower Austria and the Hardegg Castle there and not from Hardeck Castle in the Upper Palatinate.

The owners of Hardeck Castle in the Upper Palatinate are the Lords of Liebenstein at Liebenstein Castle , since 1309 the Falkenbergs at Falkenberg Castle and the Landgraves of Leuchtenberg . A secure mention of Hardeck comes from the year 1298, when the Waldsassen monastery, the Liebenstein castle and everything that belonged to the Liebensteiners in Waldsassen and what belonged to them between Hardeck and Liebenstein ("quidquid infra Waldsassen et de Hardekke usque in Libenstein foedale est") in Took possession and incorporated it into his land of penalties. In 1316, Hardeck Castle and the associated heirloom villages, whose income from compulsory labor and other obligations in the Frais area, was sold by the Leuchtenbergers to the Waldsassen monastery on the grounds: “It should not be that the close friendship between Ulrich I. von Leuchtenberg and the Abbot Johann III. von Waldsassen is disturbed when people from Leuchtenberg and farmhands move to Hardeck Castle and return home ”. Johann III. von Elbogen († 1329), abbot of the Waldsassen monastery, spent his twilight years at Hardeck Castle and, next to the chapel of St. James, had an apartment corresponding to his dignity.


  • Ulrich Kinder: The fortifications in the Tirschenreuth district . From the series: Works on the Archeology of Southern Germany, Volume 28 . Publishing house Dr. Faustus, Büchenbach 2013, ISBN 978-3-933474-82-7 , pp. 129-130.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Robert Giersch: Source research on the agricultural and building history of the so-called Frais area , 1996

Web links

Coordinates: 49 ° 59 ′ 9 ″  N , 12 ° 25 ′ 1 ″  E