Charles Augustus Hartley

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Sir Charles Augustus Hartley (born February 3, 1825 in Heworth , County Durham , † February 20, 1915 in London ) was an English hydraulic engineer .


He first worked in Scotland from 1845 in railway construction and was employed in 1848 in the port construction in Plymouth and Devon . In 1855 he entered the service of Turkey with royal approval during the Crimean War and commanded its engineering corps off Kerch .

In 1857 he was appointed chief engineer of the European Danube Commission established with the Peace of Paris and in this position initiated projects to improve the navigability of the Danube lower reaches. 1858-61 he oversaw the expansion of the Sulina arm of the Danube Delta and the new construction of the port fortifications of Sulina , which thereby became one of the safest Black Sea ports; It was not until the 1880s that the canalization of St. George's Arm , begun by Hartley, was realized. In the following years he was consulted for various infrastructure projects by European and overseas powers: by Austria for the port construction in Trieste , by Russia for the canalization of the Don delta, by England for the Hugliarms of the Ganges and by the Romanian government for its coastal fortifications. In 1867 Hartmann won the grand prize of 8,000 rubles for his plans for a new port facility in Odessa . 1873-74 he visited the United States at the invitation of the American President to inspect the expansion of the Mississippi Delta. From 1884–1906 he was a member of the Suez Canal Technical Commission.

In 1862 he was awarded the title of English knight, in 1884 accepted into the Order of Michael and George and also received several orders from the Romanian state. In 1869 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh .


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fellows Directory. Biographical Index: Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002. (PDF file) Royal Society of Edinburgh, accessed December 16, 2019 .