Hans Schepers (civil servant)

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Hans Schepers (born February 18, 1928 ) is a German civil servant . He developed the since 2009 for national elections valid seat allocation procedure .


Schepers studied at the Technical University of Clausthal and the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn and graduated as a physicist . Later he was a scientific assistant at the Bonn Institute for Radiation and Nuclear Physics. His interests were low energy nuclear physics and the use of data processing systems in nuclear physics and medicine. He also published some work in these areas. In 1969 he received a doctorate in core physics from Theo Mayer-Kuckuk. rer. nat. PhD .

Soon afterwards he left physics and became a research assistant in the administration of the German Bundestag : as government director he was head of the electronic data processing department , later as ministerial advisor head of the data processing group of the scientific services of the German Bundestag and then deputy head of the scientific documentation department. He wrote essays on the use of data processing in administration, especially in parliaments.

In order to avoid the disadvantage of small parties in the D'Hondt proceedings , he developed a modified allocation of seats and proposed it to the Bundestag in 1980. Since 1980 the ranking method (Schepers) has been used for the allocation of seats in the committees and bodies of the German Bundestag. Since the next electoral term from 1983 onwards, it has been called the proportional method (Sainte-Laguë / Schepers) because it delivers the same results as the Sainte-Laguë method . In the Bremer election law is A process according to Sainte Laguë / Schepers set out in §. 7 Other parliaments use the procedure without explicit naming.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Pukelsheim : Allocation of seats in proportional representation: ideal claims of the parties. In: Journal of Politics . New series, Volume 47, Issue 3, 2000, pp. 239-273, in particular note 1, pp. 239f. ( Digitized version )
  2. Who's who in Atoms. 5th edition, London 1969, Volume 2, p. 1364 ( excerpt )
    • W [olfgang] Riezler and H [ans] Schepers: Ionization and loss of energy of α-particles in different gases. In: Annals of Physics . 7th episode, Volume 8, 1961, pp. 270-277, doi : 10.1002 / andp.19614630504
    • H [ans] Schepers: A new holmium activity with an 11.5 minute half-life. In: Journal for Nature Research. Volume 17a, 1962, pp. 695-696
    • C. Winkler and H. Schepers: A method for electromagnetic pulse storage in scintillographic isotope diagnosis. In: Nuclear Medicine. Isotopes in medicine and biology. Volume 2, Friedrich-Karl Schattauer-Verlag, Stuttgart 1962, pp. 67-70
    • H. Schepers and C. Winkler: An Automatic Scanning System, using a Tape Perforator and Computer Techniques. In: Medical Radioisotope Scanning. Proceedings of the Symposium on Medical Radioisotope Scanning held by the International Atomic Energy Agency in Athens, April 20-24, 1964. IAEA, Vienna 1964, Volume 1, pp. 321-330
  3. ^ H [ans] Schepers: Structural studies on neutron-poor holmium and dysprosium nuclei. Central Office for Nuclear Energy Documentation, Leopoldshafen 1970; also: Dissertation, University of Bonn, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institute for Radiation and Nuclear Physics, February 14, 1969
  4. ^ Yearbook of the German Libraries. Volume 44, 1971, pp. 44 and 409 (Head of IT Unit); Volume 45, 1973, pp. 53 and 440 (research assistant; head of the electronic data processing unit, government director); Volume 46, 1975, pp. 58 and 482 (Head of the Data Processing Working Group and Ministerial Council); Volume 51, 1985, p. 60 (Deputy Head of the Scientific Documentation Department)
  5. Peter Schindler : Data Handbook on the History of the German Bundestag. Volume 2, Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, Baden-Baden 1999, ISBN 3-7890-5928-5 (Volume 2), ISBN 3-7890-5928-5 (complete works), Chapter 9.3 Calculation method for the positions of the parliamentary groups [in committees], p 2081-2092, particularly pp. 2081 and 2085; Volume 3, ISBN 3-7890-5928-5 , p. 3460 (bibliography)
    • H. Schepers and W. Mausberg: Concepts of the Parliament Information System to be implemented in the German Bundestag. In: Papers of the First World Conference on Information in Government, held October 16-20, 1972, in Florence. Pp. 622-626
    • Hans Schepers: Automated data processing in administration. Basic concepts, forms and procedures. In: The archivist . Volume 27, Issue 2, May 1974, Col. 173-180
    • Wolfgang Mausberg, Hans Schepers and Detlef W. Weber: The documentation and information system for parliamentary materials (DIP). In: The archivist. Volume 31, Issue 4, November 1978, Col. 459-464
    • W. Mausberg and H. Schepers: Information on Parliamentary Processes involving the Use of Computers. In: PA Samet (Ed.): EURO IFIP 79. Proceedings of the European Conference on Applied Information Technology of the International Federation for Information Processing, London, September 25-28, 1979. North Holland Publishing Company, Amsterdam 1979, p. 189 -197
    • Hans Schepers and Erich Vorwerk: The Parliament Information System - Use of data processing at the German Bundestag and Bundesrat for the documentation of parliamentary materials (PARLIS). In: Annual Report 1978. Society for Mathematics and Data Processing, Bonn 1979, pp. 64–75
    • Hans Schepers and Erich Vorwerk: The Parliament Information System . Use of data processing at the German Bundestag and Bundesrat to document parliamentary materials (PARLIS). In: Information from the Institute for Information Systems and Graphic Data Processing (IIG-INFO). November 1981, pp. 80-90
    • Hans Schepers: The parliament information system for the Bundestag and Bundesrat. In: Mathilde von der Laake and Hilde Strohl-Goebel ( arrangement ): Deutscher Dokumentartag 1980. Berlin, from 29.09. until October 3rd, 1980. Saur, Munich [u. a.] 1981, pp. 427-438
    • Hans Schepers, Wolfgang Mausberg and Franz Warlo: Data processing as a service for the German Bundestag. In: Parliamentary Documentation and Parliamentary Information (= communications from parliamentary archivists. No. 8, 1983). Stuttgart and Bonn 1983, pp. 105-119
    • J. Schepers [correct: Hans Schepers]: Parliamentary information systems. In: Hermann Seegers and Fritjof Haft (eds.): Legal informatics in the eighties. Scientific symposium of IBM Germany (= working papers legal informatics, issue 20) Schweitzer Verlag, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-88709-095-0 , pp. 97–111
  6. § 7 electoral system of the Bremen Electoral Act