Harald Schweizer

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Harald Schweizer (* July 23, 1944 ; † December 28, 2017 ) was a German Catholic theologian and linguist .


Harald Schweizer was professor for introductory science at the University of Tübingen until 1989 . After his marriage in 1989, his teaching license was revoked and he resigned from the Church. He switched to the Wilhelm Schickard Institute for Computer Science at the University of Tübingen as a professor for methodology of computer-aided text interpretation . He gave his farewell lecture on July 13, 2010. Schweizer died on December 28, 2017 and was buried in Mössingen .


Schweizer was one of the first to use computers for literature analysis and thus made them useful for the humanities. He presented an extensive analysis of the Joseph story .

Schweizer initiated and operated the alternative grammar project, which aims to make knowledge of modern linguistics usable for schools. He criticizes the usual layout of school grammars and calls for a new version of the terms syntax , semantics and pragmatics . With Schweizer, the “ grammar ” is not limited to sentence analysis, but extends to the text level and takes into account the situation in which the text was created. The method separation between grammar and literature analysis should be overcome.


  • Elisha in the wars. Literary study of 2 Kings 3; 6.8-23; 6.24-7.20. Kösel, Munich 1974, ISBN 3466253373 . At the same time dissertation at the Catholic theological faculty of the University of Munich.
  • Metaphorical grammar. Ways to integrate grammar and text interpretation in exegesis. EOS-Verlag, Sankt Ottilien 1981, ISBN 978-3-880965157 . At the same time he did his habilitation thesis at the Catholic-Theological Faculty of the University of Munich.
  • Understand biblical texts. Workbook on the hermeneutics and methodology of biblical interpretation. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart a. a. 1986, ISBN 978-3-170093928 .
  • Language criticism as ideology criticism. For grammar revision using the example of QRB. Francke, Tübingen 1991, ISBN 978-3-772019500 .
  • Joseph. Original version of the Old Testament story (Gen 37–50). With photo collages by Jonas Balena. Klöpfer & Meyer, Tübingen 1993, ISBN 978-3-980324014 .
  • "... your language gives you away". Basic course in religiosity. Essays on language criticism. Lit, Münster u. a. 2002, ISBN 978-3-825858698 .
  • Fantastic "Sacrifice of Isaac". Text analysis in theory and practice (example Genesis 22). Pabst, Lengerich 2006, ISBN 978-3-899673036 .
  • Noise or Grammar? Polemic pamphlet for revised language teaching. Criticism and suggestions. Lang, Frankfurt / M. u. a. 2007, ISBN 978-3-631571828 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Cf. Monika Egler: Unclean priests. In: Die Zeit , No. 46, November 10, 1989, p. 22
  2. ^ From an event note, Critique of Religious Language. On dealing with Bible texts in church and theology. ( Memento of February 10, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) April 26, 2002
  3. Harald Schweizer: Setting the course. Farewell lecture July 13, 2010
  4. Harald Schweizer's obituary notice . In: Schwäbisches Tagblatt online . ( tagblatt.de [accessed on January 2, 2018]).
  5. Alternative grammar website of the project