Halibut ( Hippoglossus hippoglossus )
|( Linnaeus , 1758)|
The halibut ( Hippoglossus hippoglossus ) or white halibut occurs in the North Atlantic and, with a body length of up to 300 cm and a weight of up to 400 kg, is the largest species of flatfish . A halibut can live up to 50 years. Despite its name, this genus does not belong to the Butte family , but to the plaice .
The sister species in the North Pacific is the Pacific halibut ( Hippoglossus stenolepis ). In the North Atlantic, a right-eyed flatfish that is not closely related, but also grows quite large, is misleadingly referred to as the black halibut ( Reinhardtius hippoglossoides ). All three species of halibut are edible fish .
Appearance and way of life
Halibut typically have both eyes on the right side of the head, so they are right-eyed flatfish. They have spotted tops and gray-white undersides; They can be distinguished from other flatfish by their triangular, weakly edged tail and by their unusual size. The females of this species are usually larger than their male counterparts and have a longer life expectancy.
Like all flatfish, halibut live on the sea floor down to a water depth of 1500 meters, but sometimes also pelagic . The animals eat crabs, fish and octopuses.
The spawning season is from February to May in the North Sea , from June to August in Iceland and in winter in the Atlantic. The female lays up to 2 million eggs and the fry hatch 9 to 16 days after spawning. The animals only reach sexual maturity at the age of 10 to 14 years.
The assessment of the International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN from 1996 in the Red List of Endangered Species needs an update. The halibut is considered endangered here ( endangered ). In Norway, halibut (as of 2015) is not considered endangered, but is subject to catch restrictions.
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