Helmut Schanze

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Helmut Schanze

Helmut Schanze (born August 7, 1939 in Frankfurt am Main ) is a German Germanist and media scientist .


After graduating from high school, Schanze studied Philology, Philosophy and Political Science at the University of Frankfurt a . a. with Theodor W. Adorno and Heinz Otto Burger. There he received his doctorate in 1965 with a thesis on romance and enlightenment with Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis . From 1966 to 1972, Schanze worked as a research assistant at the German Institute of RWTH Aachen University , where he completed his habilitation in 1971 with an examination of theater in bourgeois realism . Since his inaugural lecture 'Literary History as Media History' (published 1976/77), Schanze has been interested in media history. His eponymous series of lectures was published in 1974 as 'Media Studies for Literary Scholars'.

Schanze had been a professor at RWTH Aachen University since 1972, at the Rhineland University of Education, Department of Aachen since 1978, and again at RWTH Aachen University after its integration in 1980. From 1987 until his retirement in 2004 he was a professor at the University of Siegen . Here Schanze was one of the initiators of the Collaborative Research Center 240 “Screen Media”, which he also headed as a speaker from 1992 onwards. He led research projects on intermediality research, on 'the history of television in literature', 'European cinema art in the age of television' as well as research into new media ('text systems and changes in the concept of literature', 'interactive media and their users') and on media evaluation research (' media studies and media evaluation '). Most recently, Schanze was the head of the 'Media Dynamics' project, which he ran in the Collaborative Research Center 'Media upheavals 1900/2000'.


Schanze's scientific work includes publications on literature from the 18th to 20th centuries, on rhetoric and the history of rhetoric, media history and media theory, and cultural informatics. In 1966 Schanze's dissertation on Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis was published with the attempt to read the work of the two romantics with regard to a dialectic of the Enlightenment . In this sense, Schanze breaks away from older Novalis research and advances to new, complex insights. Publications on drama in bourgeois realism , on Goethe's drama and on Goethe's Faust follow. But Schanze also remains connected to romanticism research: in 1994 he published the Romanticism Handbook, which is now considered the standard work.

At the same time, Schanze belongs to the generation of Germanists who can get involved in media science problems at an early stage. His media studies for literary scholars, which appeared in 1974, also broke new ground in this regard: media studies dealt with possible topics even before the rise of media studies from the spirit of German studies ( Jochen Hörisch , Friedrich Kittler , Helmut Kreuzer , Siegfried J. Schmidt , Michael Wetzel ) Questions and basics of a 'media studies' informed literary study. As a result, Schanze intensified and expanded this branch of his teaching and research activities and became an expert in the theory and practice of television. The term “digital platform” coined by Schanze, the Handbuch der Mediengeschichte (2001) and the Lexicon Media Theory / Media Studies (2002) also bear witness to the basic research promoted by Schanze in this area - both books are among the standard works of media culture studies Research.

In addition, Schanze was interested in a 'media-reflective' literature right from the start: What is meant is literature that not only turns to the media, but is also able to reflect its own mediality. Another focus of his work is rhetoric and rhetoric research. Schanze publishes on rhetoric in general, on rhetoric and philosophy as well as on Nietzsche's rhetoric. He is also co-editor of the book series “Figures”, “Indices zur deutschen Literatur” and “Medien und Fiktionen”.

Publications (selection)

  • Romance and Enlightenment. Studies on Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis (= Erlanger contributions to linguistics and art studies. Volume 27). Carl, Nuremberg 1966, DNB 458821365 .
  • Drama in bourgeois realism (1850–1890). Theory and Practice (= Studies on Philosophy and Literature of the Nineteenth Century. Volume 21). Klostermann, Frankfurt a. M. 1973, DNB 730330931 .
  • Media studies for literary scholars. Introduction and bibliography (= university paperbacks. Volume 302 = Pragmatic text theory. Volume 4). Fink, Munich 1974, ISBN 3-7705-1059-3 .
  • Rhetoric. Contributions to their history in Germany from 16. – 20. Century. Athenaion, Frankfurt a. M. 1974, ISBN 3-7610-7195-7 (ed.).
  • Goethe's drama. Theater of Remembrance (= Theatron. Volume 4). Niemeyer, Tübingen 1989, ISBN 3-484-66004-X .
  • Rhetoric and philosophy. Fink, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-7705-2586-8 (edited with Josef Kopperschmidt ).
  • Television in the Federal Republic of Germany. Periods - caesuras - epochs (= Siegen series. Volume 104). Winter, Heidelberg 1991, ISBN 3-533-04369-X (edited with Helmut Kreuzer ).
  • Romance manual. Kröner, Stuttgart 1994, ISBN 3-520-83101-5 (Ed.).
  • History of television in the Federal Republic of Germany. Volume 2: Television and the Arts. Fink, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-7705-2801-8 (edited with Bernhard Zimmermann ).
  • Nietzsche or "Language is rhetoric" (= figures. Volume 1). Fink, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-7705-2947-2 (edited with Josef Kopperschmidt).
  • Television history of literature. Requirements - case studies - canon. Fink, Munich 1996, ISBN 3-7705-3120-5 (Ed.).
  • Interactive media and their users. 4 volumes. Nomos, Baden-Baden 1998-2002 (ed.).
  • Faust constellations. Myth and Media. Fink, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-7705-3394-1 .
  • Handbook of media history (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 360). Kröner, Stuttgart 2001, ISBN 3-520-36001-2 (Ed.).
  • Metzler Lexicon media theory, media studies. Approaches, people, basic concepts. Metzler, Stuttgart / Weimar 2002, ISBN 3-476-01761-3 (Ed.).
  • Media rating. Fink, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-7705-3601-0 (edited with Sibylle Bolik ).
  • New Media Theories. Cinema - radio - television - computer. Fink, Paderborn 2007, ISBN 978-3-7705-4219-2 (together with Gebhard Rusch and Gregor Schwering).
  • Goethe music. Fink, Paderborn 2009, ISBN 978-3-7705-4912-2 .
  • Basic course in media studies. Klett learning training, Stuttgart 2009, ISBN 978-3-12-939006-1 (together with Gregor Schwering and Henning Groscurth).
  • Invention of romance. Metzler, Stuttgart 2018, ISBN 978-3-476-04707-6 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b Helmut Schanze: Romanticism and Enlightenment. Investigations on Friedrich Schlegel and Novalis. Nuremberg 1966.
  2. a b Helmut Schanze: Drama in bourgeois realism. Frankfurt am Main 1973.
  3. Helmut Schanze (ed.): The other romanticism . Frankfurt am Main 1967.
  4. ^ Helmut Schanze: Index to Novalis: Heinrich von Ofterdingen Frankfurt am Main 1968
  5. Helmut Schanze: Rhetoric. Contributions to their history in Germany from the 16th to the 20th century. Frankfurt am Main 1974
  6. Helmut Schanze: Goethe's drama. Theater of memory. Tubingen 1989.
  7. Helmut Schanze: Faust Constellations. Myth and Media. Munich 1999
  8. Helmut Schanze (Ed.): Romantic Handbook . Stuttgart 1994
  9. ^ Helmut Schanze: Media studies for literary scholars . Munich 1974
  10. Helmut Schanze: Television history of literature. Requirements, case studies, canon. Munich 1996.
  11. Helmut Schanze (ed.): TV history - TV stories . Wins 1997.
  12. Helmut Schanze: Television and the arts. Munich 1994. (= Helmut Kreuzer (Hrsg.): History of television in the Federal Republic of Germany, Vol. 2)
  13. Helmut Schanze: Forum and Theater: Notes on a rhetorical-historical topic. In: Oesterreich, Peter L .; Sloane, Thomas O. (Ed.): Rhetorica Movet: Studies in Historical and Modern Rhetoric in Honor of Heinrich F. Plett . Leiden 1999, p. 499.
  14. Gebhard Rusch, Helmut Schanze, Gregor Schwering: Theories of New Media. Cinema - radio - television - computer. Paderborn 2007, p. 99ff.
  15. Helmut Schanze: Handbook of Media History . Stuttgart 2001.
  16. Helmut Schanze (Ed.): Lexicon Medientheorie, Medienwissenschaft. Stuttgart 2002.
  17. Josef Kopperschmidt , Helmut Schanze (ed.): Nietzsche or "The language is rhetoric" . Munich 1994.