International Military Tribunal

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International Military Tribunal - Indictment (1945)
German version, Volume 1 1947, with indictment, judgment and sentence
Document volume 42, 1949

The International Military Tribunal (IMG), English: International Military Tribunal (IMT) was an ad hoc erected Criminal Court and was after the Second World War by the Allied victors established. The main seat of the tribunal was Berlin, the proceedings against the main war criminals took place in Nuremberg from autumn 1945 . The IMG served as a model for the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, which was established six months later in Tokyo . The International Military Tribunal is the legal historical forerunner of the ad hoc criminal tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda as well as the permanent International Criminal Court established in The Hague in 1998 . Its establishment is considered the hour of birth of international criminal law .


During the Second World War, the Allies decided the anti-Hitler coalition , the main responsible Nazis in the German Reich to justice. At the conference in San Francisco at the beginning of May 1945, the proposal was made to bring the main war criminals who had not yet been named before an international military tribunal of the four victorious powers. After the German surrender from May 7 to 9, 1945, the victorious powers USA, USSR, Great Britain and France decided on August 8, 1945 in London to establish an international military tribunal.

For the first time in history, an international court was established to punish violations of international law . The Nuremberg trial of the main war criminals took place in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice from November 20, 1945 to October 1, 1946 .

The Constitution ( London Statute ) of the IMT, Article 1, begins with:

“In execution of the Agreement of August 8, 1945 between the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Government of the French Republic and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, an International Military Tribunal is to be established for the just and expeditious trial and punishment of the major war criminals of the European axis. "

The IMT was responsible for the following actions:

According to Article 26 of the Staff Regulations, the judgments were “final and non-appealable”.


Chief Prosecutor



Volume 1 to Volume 23, in English
  • International Military Court of Nuremberg: The Trial of the Major War Criminals Volume 1–20. Negotiation minutes . Nuremberg 1947 ( digitized version )


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Gerhard Werle (Ed.): Völkerstrafrecht , 3rd edition, 2012, ISBN 978-3-16-151837-9 , Rn. 15th
  2. ^ Arieh J. Kochavi: Prelude to Nuremberg: Allied War Crimes Policy and the Question of Punishment . University of North Carolina 1998, ISBN 0-8078-2433-X , pp. 220 f.
  3. a b Statute for the International Military Tribunal  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 23 kB)@1@ 2Template: Dead Link /