National Museum of Iceland
The museum was founded on February 24, 1863 as the " Museum of Antiques" ( Forngripasafnið ). Previously, historically significant Icelandic objects were usually brought to the National Museum of Denmark in Copenhagen . In 1911 the museum was given its current name. After Iceland's independence, some of the objects that were important for Iceland were transferred from the Danish National Museum to the Icelandic National Museum.
The first curator of the Icelandic National Museum was Jón Árnason , who was also a librarian at the National Library in Reykjavík . The collection was initially housed in the attic of various buildings: the cathedral , the former state prison (today's government building), the parliament building , the national bank and finally the national library (today: Þjóðmenningarhúsið cultural center ).
In 1950, on the occasion of the founding of the Republic of Iceland in 1944 , the museum was given its current building in Suðurgata 41. The main building shows the permanent exhibition and special exhibitions on the two upper floors, while service facilities, a museum shop and cafeteria are located on the ground floor. The administration is located in its own building, a few meters east of the main building.
The permanent exhibition presents - in chronological order - in multimedia form the cultural history of Iceland from the time of the conquest to the present day under the title “A nation is emerging. 1200 years of culture and society in Iceland ” . The older historical epochs are mainly presented on the basis of archaeological finds, the newer epochs are more folkloric . The first section of the exhibition represents a ship as it took advantage of the first settlers, the last is on a historical baggage handling system of the Keflavik airport presents, connects as the gate, the Iceland with the world.
The collection includes around 100,000 objects and two million. Photos. Around 2,000 objects and 1,000 photos are shown in the permanent exhibition.
Organization and tasks
The museum's legal mandate is to preserve Iceland's nationally significant historical evidence. This includes both movable objects and real estate . 43 historic buildings across Iceland are also part of the National Museum. This includes all important peat houses and all peat churches that have been authentically preserved, various wooden churches and a number of non-church buildings.
The museum also has the task of researching and conveying Iceland's historical heritage. Guided tours and educational activities are offered.
- Anna Lisa Björnsdóttir (Ed.): The Museum Guide 2010 . OO 2010.
- Þjóðminjasafn Íslands: The National Museum of Iceland. Mission and operation . OO (after 2006).
- Þjóðminjasafn Íslands: A nation is emerging. 1200 years of culture and society in Iceland . OO (after 2006).
- Homepage engl.
- Gunnar Karlsson fjallar to Sigurð Vigfússon ( Icelandic ) Þjóðminjasafn Iceland. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- About the Museum ( English ) Þjóðminjasafn Íslands. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015. Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved June 23, 2015.