Joaquim Nabuco

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Joaquim Nabuco (1849-1910)

Joaquim Nabuco (born August 19, 1849 in Recife , Pernambuco , † January 17, 1910 in Washington, DC ; full name Joaquim Aurélio Barreto Nabuco de Araújo ) was a Brazilian politician , diplomat , historian, lawyer and journalist. He was one of the founders of the Academia Brasileira de Letras .


Joaquim Nabuco was the son of the large landowner, lawyer and politician José Tomás Nabuco de Araújo (1813–1878) and his wife Ana Benigna de Sá Barreto Nabuco de Araújo . Like his father, Joaquim Nabuco was committed to the fight against slavery . As a member of the Brazilian parliament, he supported the abolitionist campaign from 1878 . In 1878 he founded the Brazilian Society against Slavery ( Sociedade Antiescravidão Brasileira ), which played a major role in the abolition of slavery in 1888 (see Lei Áurea ). The reasons for this were less humanitarian beliefs than the belief that slavery was responsible for much of the country's problems. He feared that maintaining slavery would deter immigrants from Europe and thus slow down the process of branqueamento (attempt by the government to increase the proportion of fair-skinned people in Brazil).

Nabuco was a supporter of the monarchy and withdrew from political life after the proclamation of the republic in 1889. In 1897 he was the founding father of the Academia Brasileira de Letras . He chose Antônio Peregrino Maciel Monteiro (1804–1868) as the namesake for the Academy chair No. 27 .

From 1905 to 1910 he was the Ambassador of the Republic of Brazil to the United States . He spent several years in the UK and France . In 1906 he was the chairman of the 3rd Pan-American Congress in Rio de Janeiro .

His autobiography Minha formação ("My Education") from 1900 is considered a major literary work .


  • Camões e os Lusíadas (1872)
  • L'Amour est Dieu - Lyric Poems (1874)
  • O Abolicionismo (1883)
  • Campanha abolicionista no Recife - 1885
  • O erro do Imperador - History (1886)
  • Escravos - poem (1886)
  • Porque continuo a ser monarquista (1890)
  • Balmaceda - biography (1895)
  • O dever dos monarquistas (1895)
  • A intervenção estrangeira durante a revolta - diplomatic history (1896)
  • Um estadista do Império - biography, 3 volumes (1897–1899)
  • Minha formação - Memories (1900)
  • Escritos e discursos literários (1901)
  • Pensées detachées et souvenirs (1906)
  • Discursos e conferências nos Estados Unidos - Translation from English by Artur Bomilcar (1911)
  • Obras completas (14 volumes) edited by Celso Cunha (1947–1949)

So far, none of his works has appeared in German.


  • Stephanie Dennison: Joaquim Nabuco: monarchism, panamericanism and nation building in the Brazilian belle epoque. Lang, Bern, Frankfurt am Main et al. 2006, ISBN 3-03910-719-4 . (Bibliography pp. 221-233).

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