Joseph Bramah

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Joseph Bramah, 1778

Joseph Bramah (born April 13, 1748 in Stainborough Lane Farm, Wentworth , South Yorkshire , England , † December 9, 1814 in Pimlico, London ) is one of the great engineers of the industrial revolution in England.

As a child he was originally intended to work on his father's farm, but at the age of 16 he injured his ankle, so that he limped all his life and could no longer work in the farm. As a child he had designed and built musical instruments himself. After his accident, he was apprenticed to the village carpenter, where he completed his basic craft training.

Bramah was a universal genius and made a name for himself with inventions in hydraulics . He invented a hydraulic press , pumps for waterworks and invented the dispensing system that is still used today in all pubs in the UK . His ingenuity seems almost limitless and his other patents include a machine for numbering banknotes and a device for sharpening goose feathers for writing. In 1805 Bramah patented the first cylinder mold paper machine.

Bramah's workshops were the “ think tanks ” of early industrialization. The young Henry Maudslay , who, as the inventor of the precision lathe, made a decisive contribution to the development of modern machine tools , also worked there.

See also


  • Ian McNeil: Joseph Bramah: A Century of Invention, 1749-1851. (1968) New edition by David & Charles PLZ, 1972, ISBN 0-7153-4211-8 . (English)

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