Joseph Compton-Rickett PC (birth name Joseph Compton ; born February 13, 1847 in London , † July 30, 1919 in Bournemouth , Dorset ) was a British writer and politician of the Liberal Party who was a member of the House of Commons between 1895 and his death in 1919 and held the post of Paymaster General from 1916 until his death .
Entrepreneur, MP and Paymaster General
After attending King Edward's School in Bath, Compton worked in several companies and most recently chaired the board of several coal trading companies before retiring from business life in 1902.
He was also active as a congregational lay preacher and the main financial supporter of the National Vigilance Association founded in August 1885 . This Society for the Enforcement and Improvement of the Law against Criminal Acts and Public Immorality was formed after William T. Stead wrote a series of articles against the prostitution of minors in the prestigious Pall Mall Gazette . The executive committee of this society, chaired by Wesleyan Percy William Bunting , included Stead, Bramwell Booth of the Salvation Army , Baptist preacher John Clifford , Methodist clergyman Hugh Price Hughes , liberal MP and former minister for local government James Stansfield and the founder of the British child protection organization NSPCC (National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children) , Benjamin Waugh .
Compton was elected as a candidate of the Liberal Party on July 13, 1895 for the first time a member of the House of Commons and represented there initially until January 12, 1906 the constituency of Scarborough and then between January 12, 1906 and December 14, 1918 the constituency of Osgoldcross . For his services he was beaten to a Knight Bachelor in 1907 and from then on carried the suffix "Sir". In 1908 he took the additional surname Rickett with Royal License (Royal License) and was also appointed to the Privy Council in 1911 .
In December 1916, Compton-Rickett was appointed by Prime Minister David Lloyd George to his national liberal coalition government and held the post of Paymaster General in this until his death on July 30, 1919 . In the first general election after the First World War , he was re-elected to the House of Commons in the constituency of Pontefract on December 14, 1918 , and was a member of this until his death.
In addition to his political career, he was also active as a writer, and in addition to essays and dramas and the science fiction - novel The Quickening of Caliban: A Modern Story of Evolution (1893). In it, a human race believed to be lost, which is more natural and probably less developed than modern humans, continues its life in Africa and multiplies there with another branch of this human race.
An autobiography published posthumously in 1922 was also published. Some of his publications appeared under the pseudonym Maurice Baxter .
- The Christ That Is to Be: A Latter-Day Romance , Chapman and Hall, London 1891
- The Quickening of Caliban: A Modern Story of Evolution , Cassell and Company, London 1893
- Origins and Faith: An Essay of Reconciliation , Hodder and Stoughton, London 1909
- Joseph Compton-Rickett. A memoir , published by Ernest Cooper, Bournemouth 1922
- Joseph Compton-Rickett at Hansard (English)
- Cameron Hazlehurst, Sally Whitehead, Christine Woodland: A Guide to the Papers of British Cabinet Ministers 1900-1964 , pp. 306 f., 1996, ISBN 0-521-58743-3
- Entry in The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction
- Michael R. Watts: The Dissenters: The Crisis and Conscience of Nonconformity , Volume 3, p. 302, 2015, ISBN 0-19822-969-0
- Bernard V. Lightman, Bennett Zon (editor): Evolution and Victorian Culture , pp. 261, 2014, ISBN 1-10702-842-6
- The Quickening of Caliban: A Modern Story of Evolution (online version)
- Origins and Faith: An Essay of Reconciliation in archive.org
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Compton, Joseph|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||British writer and Liberal Party politician, member of the House of Commons|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 13, 1847|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||London|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 30, 1919|
|Place of death||Bournemouth , Dorset|