|OS National Grid||OOHN|
|Residents||186,744 (as of 2012)|
|surface||46.18 km² (17.83 mi² )|
|Population density:||4044 inhabitants per km²|
|ZIP code section||BH1 - BH11|
|Part of the country||England|
|region||South West England|
|Unitary authority||Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole|
Bournemouth [ ˈbɔːnməθ ] is a town in the ceremonial county of Dorset in south-west England . It belongs to the Unitary Authority Bournemouth, Christchurch and Poole . Located about 172 km southwest of London at latitude 50.43 degrees north and longitude 1.54 degrees west, the city overlooks Poole Bay. Bournemouth's motto is “Pulchritudo et salubritas” (in English “Beauty and Health”).
Bournemouth is one of the most popular holiday destinations on the English south coast, largely because of its long, clean beach, numerous accommodation options, great entertainment, mild climate and easy access to the Dorset and Devon hinterland . The coast is one of the warmest, driest and sunniest in England.
The population is 186,700 and makes Bournemouth, together with the neighboring cities, one of the major commercial and economic centers in the south of England.
The Bournemouth International Center (BIC), located near the center of town, with cliff-top views of the sea and the town's pier, is a major conference venue. There are often party conferences of the British parties held there.
Many species of animals and plants rare for Great Britain can be found in the Bournemouth area. Nearby Brownsea Island is one of the few places in the south where the red squirrel still lingers. The ant Formica pratensis was found near Bournemouth until the 1980s, but has now apparently become extinct.
The main shopping streets in the center of town are behind the coastline on either side of the small Bourne River. Many small paths lead quickly and easily to the sea through the Lower Gardens. The shopping streets are almost all in the pedestrian zone, in which numerous boutiques, larger stores, jewelers and shops for fashion accessories have been set up. In addition to the large department store chains (Debenhams, Beales, Marks and Spencer, BHS, Dingles) you will find Victorian arcades, for example between Westover Street and Old Christchurch Road, as well as hundreds of pubs, clubs, cafés, hotels and guest houses.
Culture and sport
- In 2003, the Bournemouth Library was built for £ 9.5 million; it won the Prime Minister's Better Public Building Award .
- The city also has a professional football club, AFC Bournemouth , which rose to the top division, the Premier League , for the first time in the 2015/16 season . The home games take place at Dean Court in Boscombe.
Bournemouth has two stations on the South Western Main Line , one of which is north of the city center ("Bournemouth Railway Station"), the other in the east of the city ("Pokesdown Railway Station"). The southwestern districts of Alum Chine and Westbourne can be easily reached via a railway station ("Branksome Railway Station") in the neighboring town of Poole.
Connections to London are offered by National Express and Megabus.
Bournemouth has so grown together with Poole in the west and Christchurch in the east that one also speaks of the South East Dorset Conurbation , which together has around 390,000 inhabitants. Much of what bears the name “Bournemouth” carries it wrongly, strictly speaking: the “Bournemouth International Airport” is in the area of Christchurch, the “ Bournemouth University ” and the “Bournemouth Symphony Orchestra” are in Poole, and the one frequently used The term “Bournemouth Bay” for the bay in which Bournemouth is located is incorrect because the bay is officially called “Poole Bay”.
Two bus companies operate within the city and to neighboring towns: on the one hand the yellow buses from "YellowBusses", which was bought by the French company Transdev in 2005, and on the other hand buses from the company "Wilts & Dorset", which are primarily recognizable by their red color . Since there is no transport association, you cannot change to the other company with purchased tickets. The companies compete strongly - for example, B. Wilts & Dorset for having the only buses with air conditioning. In July 2006, both companies made massive changes to the line and price system, which caused great resentment among the population and the corresponding headlines.
sons and daughters of the town
- Lawrence Grant (1870–1952), actor
- Radclyffe Hall (1880–1943), poet and writer
- Rolf Theodor Bühler (1903–1992), Swiss entrepreneur and National Councilor (FDP)
- Harold Geneen (1910–1997), American businessman
- Barbara Dainton , b. West (1911–2007), survivor of the Titanic disaster
- Rutherford Aris (1929–2005), British-American chemical engineer and applied mathematician
- Simon Preston (* 1938), organist, conductor and composer
- John Philippe Rushton (1943–2012), British-Canadian psychologist
- Virginia Wade (* 1945), tennis player
- Lee Kerslake (* 1947), drummer (Uriah Heep)
- Richard Palmer-James (born 1947), guitarist
- Tom Wise (* 1948), policeman and politician
- Joe Armstrong (1950-2019), computer scientist
- Jayne Atkinson (born 1959), American actress
- Kristian House (* 1979), racing cyclist
- Leilani Dowding (* 1980), beauty queen and actress
- Alison Knowles (* 1982), rower
- Mary Shelley , the author of Frankenstein , is buried in St. Peter's Churchyard.
- JRR Tolkien , the author of the Lord of the Rings
- Charles Rolls .
- At the seaside Royal Bath Hotel , east of Central Gardens, u. a. accustomed to Oscar Wilde , Herbert George Wells , Richard Harris , Sir Thomas Beecham and Prime Ministers Benjamin Disraeli , William Gladstone , Herbert Asquith and David Lloyd George . The royal visitors included Edward VII , Edward VIII , George VI. , Queen Wilhelmina (Netherlands) and Empress Eugénie of France.