South Western Main Line
The South Western Main Line is a main railway line in England. It connects the capital London with Weymouth in south-west England . Well-known cities on the route are Woking , Winchester , Southampton , Bournemouth and Poole .
Called the South West Main Line by the infrastructure company Network Rail , the line has several branches that are important for rail traffic, such as Reading , Guildford or Portsmouth, as well as the West of England Main Line , which branches off in Basingstoke and leads to Exeter and Plymouth .
Many sections are developed for a speed of 160 km / h .
The line has been electrified along its entire length since 1988. When the route from London to Bournemouth was electrified in 1967, passengers to Weymouth were forced to change trains.
However, there are often delays due to the high level of use.
The idea of a railway from London to the south coast near Southampton first came up in 1831. This idea envisaged a line to Bristol in addition to the main line . The project continued under the name Southampton, London & Branch Railway and Docks Company .
The chosen route to Southampton left important cities like Guildford on the left, so that these had to be connected by branch lines. The route to Bristol fell victim to deletions.
At the same time the Great Western Railway was planning to build a route from London to Southampton via Bristol. This had the advantage that it connected several important cities, while the variant of the Southampton Railway, which appeared in 1831, mainly ran through countryside. The two companies operated a great rivalry, so the railway line opened by the GWR Reading - Basingstoke in Basingstoke had a different station than the one on the main line.
On May 21, 1838, the successor company to the Southampton Railway, the London and South Western Railway , opened the first section from London to Woking . The former London terminus Nine Elms was in the Battersea district .
Winchfield was reached on September 24 of the same year .
The southern section from Southampton was completed on June 10, 1839 with the completion of the line to Winchester, on the same day Basingstoke was reached from the north . The missing section Basingstoke - Winchester was opened on May 11, 1840, the delay was due to the construction of the Litchfield tunnel.
Between 1845 and 1847 the extension from Southampton to Dorchester was completed, but for the time being the small village of Bournemouth was left behind. Only after its development into a large seaside resort was a line to Bournemouth built, the original one closed.
In 1848 the extension from Nine Elms to today's terminus at Waterloo in London was built. In 1865 the Eastleigh to Fareham Line Portsmouth could be connected.
- London Waterloo - Woking - Winchester - Southampton Airport Parkway - Southampton Central - Brockenhurst - Bournemouth - Hamworthy - Wareham - Dorchester South - Weymouth (SWT)
- London Waterloo - Clapham Junction - Basingstoke - Winchester – Southampton Airport Parkway - Southampton Central - Brockenhurst - New Milton - Christchurch - Bournemouth - Poole - Weymouth (SWT)
- London Waterloo - Clapham Junction - Basingstoke - Winchester - Southampton Airport Parkway - Southampton Central - Bournemouth - Poole
- London Waterloo - Woking - Basingstoke - Winchester - Eastleigh - Fareham - Portsmouth & Southsea - Portsmouth Harbor (SWT)
- London Waterloo - Clapham Junction - Woking - Exeter - Plymouth (SWT)
- Bournemouth - Brockenhurst - Southampton Central - Southampton Airport Parkway - Winchester - Basingstoke - Reading - Birmingham New Street - Manchester Piccadilly / Nottingham / Glasgow Central / Edinburgh Haymarket - Edinburgh Waverley (CC)
- London Waterloo - Basingstoke (SWT)
- London Waterloo - Alton (SWT)
- London Waterloo - London Vauxhall - Woking (SWT)
- London Waterloo - Hampton Court (SWT)
- Romsey - Eastleigh - Southampton Central - Salisbury (SWT)
Route Utilization Strategy
The route is often very busy. This prompted Network Rail in March 2006 to introduce a Route Utilization Strategy . One solution would be to take over the orphaned Eurostar terminal in Waterloo.
Acquisition of Waterloo International
Since November 2007 and the opening of High Speed One , the Eurostar trains no longer travel to Waterloo International, but to London St. Pancras . The Waterloo International Terminal has been empty since then. In addition to a conversion to a shopping center, the takeover of the five-track station by South West Trains for the express trains to Weymouth is also under discussion. She expressed interest and announced that a takeover would greatly reduce the often long delays on the SWML.
- http://www.networkrail.co.uk/browse%20documents/rus%20documents/route%20utilisation%20strategies/south%20west%20main%20line/37299%20swml%20rus.pdf PDF report by Network Rail on SWML -RUS
- http://www.thisislondon.co.uk/news/article-17731832-shops-plan-for-waterloo-international.do ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as broken. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.