Joseph Ephraim Casely Hayford

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JE Casely-Hayford

Joseph Ephraim Casely Hayford , MBE (born September 29, 1866 in Cape Coast , † August 11, 1930 ), was a Ghanaian politician , lawyer , writer and Pan-Africanist .


Casely Hayford was born in Cape Coast in what was then the British colony of Gold Coast ; the African name Ekra Agyiman he received from his father, a Reverend of the Fante tribe; Casely Hayford rarely used it.

After completing basic training in Cape Coast, he traveled to Sierra Leone to graduate from Fourah Bay College , which he failed to do. He returned to the Gold Coast to work as a teacher in Cape Coast and Accra . In the meantime he discovered an interest in studying law and moved to England in 1893. He trained as a lawyer in London and met Adelaide Smith , who came from an elite Creole family and who had also come to England in 1904, and whom he married in 1904. Their daughter, Gladys Casely-Hayford , became a respected writer in Sierre Leone.

1920 JE Casely Hayford the "founded National Congress of British West Africa " (National Congress of British West Africa ), but which after his death in 1930 lost its stability and was soon dissolved. His novel Ethiopia Unbound influenced the Jamaican revolutionary and Pan-Africanist Marcus Garvey , who in turn significantly influenced the Rastafarians .


  • With Thoughts upon a Healthy Imperial Policy for the Gold Coast and Ashanti (1903)
  • Ethiopia Unbound : Studies in Race Emancipation (1911; reissued 1969)
  • The Truth about the West African Land Question (1913)
  • United West Africa (1919)


  • Casely Hayford's Speeches and Writings (Gold Coast Native Institutions)
  • West African Leadership: Public Speeches Delivered by JE Casely-Hayford, MEE, MLC (published 1949, reissued 1969)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Margaret Busby : "Gladys May Casely-Hayford ('Aquah Laluah')", in: Daughters of Africa (1992), pp. 217-220.