Julius Fučík (composer)

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Julius Ernest Wilhelm Fučík

Julius Ernest Wilhelm Fučík ( ˈjuːlɪjus ˈfutʃiːk ; he called himself Julius Vilém Arnošt Fučik; born July 18, 1872 in Prague , Austria-Hungary ; † September 25, 1916 in Berlin ) was a Czech composer and conductor .


Julius Fučík studied bassoon , violin and drums in Prague and, after studying music, took composition lessons with Antonín Dvořák .

In 1891 he entered the military with the regimental music of the Lower Austrian house regiment, the kuk infantry regiment No. 49 in Krems an der Donau . Until 1894 he played under the military bandmaster Josef Franz Wagner . In 1895 he returned to Prague and took up a position as second bassoonist at the Deutsches Theater . In 1896 he was promoted to conductor of the Prague City Orchestra and the Danica Choir in Sisak , Croatia . In 1897 he became military bandmaster with the 86th Infantry Regiment in Sarajevo , Bosnia . Further stations as a military musician were Budapest and Theresienstadt .

Fučík's entry of the gladiators is also known as the “circus march” by people who otherwise do not know the composer, as many circus orchestras around the world use it as an overture to this day .

Fučík's grave in Prague

After his wedding, Fučík worked in Berlin from 1913, where he founded the Tempo publishing house , mainly composing. With his bands he gave open concerts in Prague and Berlin in front of an audience of over 10,000. After his untimely death at the age of 44, Fučík left behind over 400 compositions, including a mass and a requiem . He was buried in the vineyards cemetery in Prague.

Julius Fučík was the uncle of the writer and journalist Julius Fučík , who was executed by the National Socialists in Berlin.

Works (selection)

Works for wind orchestra

  • Austria's Fame and Honor , Suite in 4 Movements, Op. 59
  • Entry of the Gladiators op. 68 (sometimes referred to as "Thunders & Blazes" in English)
  • Traumideale (Sny Idealu) , waltz op.69
  • Triglav , Slovenian March op.72
  • Dashing forward , parade march op.79
  • Hungarian March op.81
  • Under the Admiral Flag , March op.82
  • Il Soldato op. 92
  • Magyar Indulo op. 97
  • Concertino for bassoon op.131
  • Vom Donauufer , Waltz op.137
  • Amorettenreigen , Waltz-Intermezzo op.145
  • Semper Avanti , March op.149
  • Hercules , March op.156
  • The Regimental Children , March op.169
  • Firm and faithful , March op.177
  • Winterstürme , Waltz op.184
  • The old Brummbär for bassoon and wind orchestra op.210
  • Attila , March op.211
    Title page by Attila
  • Unforgettable hours , concert waltz op. 212
  • Florentine March op.214
    Florentine March
  • Marinella Overture op.215
  • The Merry Village Blacksmiths (Veselí venkovští kováři), March op.218
  • Salve Imperator , March op.224
  • Ballet rats , concert waltz op.225
  • Danubia , March op.229
  • Danube Legends , Waltz op.233
  • Hercegovac (Herzegovina), March op.235
  • Hussar Vedette , March op.236
  • Uncle Teddy (Uncle Teddy), March op.239
  • Fearless and Faithful , March op.240
  • Miramare , Overture op.247
  • St. Hubertus Overture op.250
  • Vítězný meč (The Victory Sword ) , March op.260
  • Leitmeritzer rifle march op.261
  • Entry of the Olympic Champion Wrestlers , March op.274
  • Fanfare Sounds , March op.278
  • Pax vobis , Funeral March op.281
  • Memory of Trento , concert march op.287
  • Victory Trophies op.297
  • Gigantic (Gigantic), March op.311
  • Ballet Overture op.319
  • Look right , march

Works for chamber music

  • Serenade in B flat major, Op. 19 for two clarinets and bassoon
  • Scherzo in C minor op.25 for two clarinets and bassoon
  • Rondo in B flat major op.26 for two clarinets and bassoon
  • Symphonia Scandaleuse op. 29 for two clarinets and bassoon
  • * The Curtain Sermon (also known as Marriage Dialogue ), burlesque for clarinet, bassoon and piano op.268

Works for piano

  • The world of the exhibition scanned for piano , Op. 216

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas Jelinowicz: Julius Fučík - contradiction in life and in death. In: German Johann Strauss Society (ed.): New Life - The magazine for Strauss lovers and friends of Viennese operetta. No. 55 (2017 / No. 2), ISSN  1438-065X , pp. 42–60.
  2. ↑ Date of death according to the tombstone. The information on September 15, 1916 on https://www.klassika.info/Komponisten/Fucik/ is wrong.

Web links

Commons : Julius Fučík (composer)  - collection of images, videos and audio files