from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Screenshot of KANOTIX-Hellfire
developer Jörg Schirottke (Kano)
License (s) GPL
Current  version Silverfire 2019 "nightly-build" (since May 2019)
ancestry GNU / Linux
↳ Debian
↳ Knoppix technology
↳ Debian Live
↳ Kanotix
Architecture (s) i686 , AMD64
Others Price: free of charge
Language: German , English
Kanotix versions based on Debian-stable
version date Surname
2020-4 since April 12, 2020 Silverfire Nightly Extra ISO
2019-5 since May 8, 2019 Silverfire Nightly Build
2017-11 4th November 2017 Steelfire-Nightly-Build-KDE
2017-8 27th August 2017 Steelfire-Nightly-Build-LXDE
2015-4 April 26, 2015 Spitfire Nightly Build
2014-5 May 10, 2014 Spitfire-preview LinuxTag 2014
2014-5 May 10, 2014 Dragonfire LinuxTag 2014
2013-5 22. May 2013 Dragonfire LinuxTag 2013
2013-3 March 8, 2013 Dragonfire CEBIT edition
2012-5 May 23, 2012 Dragonfire-2012-05
2012-5 May 23, 2012 Hellfire-2012-05
2011-5 May 11, 2011 Hellfire-2011-05
2011-3 March 2, 2011 Hellfire-2011-03
2010 June 8, 2010 Excalibur
2009 December 27, 2009 Excalibur (Preview)
2008 January 1, 2008 Thorhammer (RC7)
2007 September 15, 2007 Thorhammer (RC6)
Kanotix versions based on Debian-Sid
version date Surname
01-2006 October 2, 2006 2006-01 (RC4)
2006 May 14, 2006 2006-VDR (RC6)
2006 May 14, 2006 2006 Easter (RC4)
2006 March 11, 2006 2006 CeBit (RC3)
2005-04 December 31, 2005
2005-03 June 6, 2005
2005-02 April 10, 2005
2005-01 February 12, 2005
10-2004 November 28, 2004 Bug Hunter X
09-2004 October 17, 2004 Bug Hunter 09
08-2004 September 20, 2004 Bug Hunter 08
07-2004 July 29, 2004 Bug Hunter 07
06-2004 July 1, 2004 Bug Hunter 06
05-2004 April 23, 2004 Bug Hunter 05
04-2004 March 19, 2004 Bug Hunter 04
03-2004 March 2, 2004 Bug Hunter 03
02-2004 February 7, 2004 Bug Hunter 02
01-2004 February 3, 2004 Bug Hunter 01
01-2003 December 24, 2003 XMAS Preview

KANOTIX is a Debian -based Linux distribution with an integrated live system . Initially using Knoppix technology, it has been based on Debian Live since 2010. KANOTIX is explicitly adapted for modern hardware and - in addition to the live function, also designed for hard disk installations. KDE is used as the standard graphic interface, and since February 2013 also with the LXDE desktop. In contrast to similar distributions with fixed release dates, all variants are automatically rebuilt from the repositories of the distribution within a day or during the night ("nightly") ( rolling release ).

The name "Kanotix" is derived from the nickname (Kano) of the developer Jörg Schirottke.


The Kanotix distribution emerged from Kano's Scriptpage for Knoppix in December 2003 with the Xmas preview as an independent Knoppix derivative based on the unstable branch of Debian Sid .

In 2004, 10 Kanotix versions with the name Bughunter 1-X were published, in 2005 4 stable versions appeared, which were only identified with the year of publication and the serial number. Current events in 2006 gave some versions the names " CEBIT " and "Easter" editions. The last version based on Debian-Unstable was released on October 2nd, 2006: Kanotix-2006-01-RC4 .

After dissatisfaction with the stability, in 2007 the distribution was converted to Debian GNU / Linux 4.0 (“Etch”) as the basis, which was the new stable branch of Debian from April 8, 2007 to February 14, 2009 . Part of the community stayed with Debian Sid, from which siduction emerged. During the conversion phase in the first half of 2007, existing Kanotix installations could also be updated via apt-get dist-upgrade , provided that the sources had been changed from Sid to Etch before the Debian Etch release on April 8, 2007 . The new basis brought the intended advantages: So now largely risk-free updates (dist-upgrades) can be carried out and additional packages can be installed.

In order to continue to run on modern hardware, especially on portable computers such as laptops or netbooks , a current kernel (from Ubuntu sources) was used, which was adapted and modified for Debian “stable”. In addition, the own packages and scripts were kept up to date.


Kanotix is ​​a Linux live system with an installation function that can be started from a bootable medium, initially CD , DVD later with the newer hybrid isos, also from bootable USB media such as a USB stick ; a hard disk or an installation is not required for testing and possibly for working. The included WLAN drivers enable e.g. B. access to the Internet without a cable connection. On media such as hard disks, USB flash drive, floppy disk files can be accessed in the live mode, on NTFS - partitions can be read and written standard from Thor Hammer RC7 (NTFS-3g). The newer Kanotix versions have - like comparable distributions - ext4 as the standard file system when installing. Reiserfs , XFS , JFS are optional. With Kanotix-Excalibur , ext4 could be selected from kernel version 2.6.28, it has been the standard setting since Kanotix-Hellfire .

Kanotix has a working hardware detection, also for newer hardware. It contains free and open source applications, the GIMP image processing , the Firefox browser or the Thunderbird e-mail client and numerous other applications. As an office application, the current version of OpenOffice.org or LibreOffice is included instead of the older versions from Debian-stable. Similarly, wine and Multi Messenger Pidgin , the IRC client conversation and the VoIP software Skype maintained in its current version in the Kanotix Repository.

Until Kanotix-Thorhammer - just like in Knoppix - the klik client was included. This is primarily intended to install and test programs in "live" operation.

Live mode

Kanotix can be used in live mode without hard disk installation for testing, but also for working. Thanks to unionFS or auf- support, personal settings and additionally "installed" programs can be tested. The storage of data and the Kanotix configuration on the hard drive or a mobile data carrier, e.g. B. a USB stick is possible. (Creation of a bootable USB stick with "persistent" option). The Kanotix image can be booted from the hard drive or a USB stick, if supported by the BIOS . This results in a considerable speed advantage and enables (almost) normal work like with a hard disk installation.

Hard disk installation

Kanotix can be installed on the hard drive using the graphical installer supplied. The new version of the acritoxinstaller offers a considerably expanded range of functions. This was continuously adapted to the new versions and new hardware. In addition to manual partitioning with the gparted programs, a whole range of "automatic" settings can be selected to prepare for an installation .

The installation process is completed within about 10 to 20 minutes if you install from a mobile data carrier (initially CD, today DVD and USB stick); if you use a Kanotix.iso on the hard drive, the installation is faster. The Kanotix installed in this way behaves like a regular Debian installation and can therefore also be maintained through updates from the Debian pool and the Kanotix repository.


Kanotix-Thorhammer-2007 was the first version based on Debian stable and was published as Release Candidate 6 on September 15, 2007 after a series of internal test versions . An updated version was published on January 1, 2008 as Release Candidate 7 . (Another or "final" version did not appear.)

All newer Kanotix versions have a current kernel from Ubuntu sources. Conversely, some kernel corrections (so-called kernel patches ) also flowed into Ubuntu version 8.04 ( Hardy Heron ).

The development in 2008 concentrated next to the kernel development on the update and maintenance of the "Thorhammer" repository as well as the testing of additional packages and functions. This also includes adjustments for netbooks and subnotebooks . One of the most important backports and updates was OpenOffice.org 3.x. in the current version. According to the developer, an upgrade including a kernel update is generally recommended, as it also contains important security updates. After the release, the kernel version 2.6.28 was available as "generic" and "server", but updates to the kernel versions 2.6.22 and higher were still available. The kernel versions 2.6.24 to 2.6.32 are contained in the "Thorhammer" repository. Since the release of Kanotix-Excalibur-2010 (see below) there have been no more updates.


The Kanotix Excalibur version is based on Debian 5.0 (“Lenny”) and has some fundamental innovations compared to the previous version . Instead of Knoppix, Debian- Live was used as the basis and the new boot loader GRUB2 was used. The Kanotix-Excalibur.iso appeared in 7 versions: In contrast to Kanotix-Thorhammer, there was a 64-bit version as well as a 64-bit version and a 2in1 ISO with both versions. There were also three versions with a KDE Plasma Desktop 4.3 and an all-in-one ISO with all variants.

Kanotix also relied on functionality for "Excalibur", so that it could be used productively even in the basic configuration. For this reason, the Kanotix-Excalibur.iso no longer appeared as a CD version with the official release, but is designed with significantly more than 700 MB for starting from a USB stick (recommended) or DVD.


The Kanotix version developed under the code name "Hellfire" is based on Debian 6 ("Squeeze"). Kanotix-Hellfire brought the KDE Software Compilation 4 Version 4.4.5 in a 32-bit and 64-bit version from Debian Squeeze as well as a new artwork . As usual with Kanotix, the packages contained in the current Debian "stable" branch have been supplemented by a number of packages that are up to date at the time of release. a. the kernel (Ubuntu - recompiled), LibreOffice and Kano's current scripts. The first version Kanotix-Hellfire 2011-03 appeared on March 2nd, 2011, the second Kanotix-Hellfire 2011-05 on May 11th, 2011 for LinuxTag 2011.

As with the previous versions, updates were continuously available for Kanotix-Hellfire from its own repository (Kernel, LibreOffice, Iceweasel, Pidgin, wine, etc.) after the release. With the "Hellfire" version, the "GFX overlays" were introduced for the first time, which allow the binary 3D graphics drivers from Nvidia or ATI to be used in live mode.


In addition to an updated version of "Kanotix-Hellfire", the version Kanotix-2012-Dragonfire based on Debian 7 "Wheezy" was presented at Linuxtag 2012 . All versions were offered for both 32-bit and 64-bit, the 32-bit versions also as so-called "mini" versions <1 GB, where extensive applications such as LibreOffice, Wine etc. a. removed. A current and special version was offered during CeBIT 2013. The new stable version of Kanotix-Dragonfire was presented on LinuxTag 2013. In addition to the traditional KDE desktop at Kanotix, there is also a leaner version with LXDE among the Kanotix images. In addition - similar to the special "CeBIT 2013 version" - a "KDE special" is offered, which u. a. includes a Steam client and pre-installed 3D drivers for Nvidia and AMD .


At LinuxTag 2014, a current version of Kanotix-Dragonfire was presented as a stable version as well as a "Preview" of Kanotix-Spitfire, which is based on Debian 8 "Jessie". After the release of Debian 8 "Jessie" on April 25th, 2015 the "Nightly Builds", these are snapshots for "Kanotix-Spitfire" (still also "Kanotix-Dragonfire"), were relaunched and with the stable original kernel version (3.16.7) from Debian. The "Nightly Builds" are also included on the regular download server, so that Kanotix is ​​de facto or exclusively a rolling release . The latest developments were presented at the OpenRheinRuhr 2015.


Since August 27, 2017, about 2 months after the release of Debian 9 "Stretch" on June 17, 2017, there is "LXDE-Steelfire" in the i386 and amd64 versions in the "nightlys" and on the mirror. The "Nightly Builds" are also included on the download server. The KDE variant became the OpenRheinRuhr on April 4th – 5th. November 2017 presented, an updated version for the OpenRheinRuhr 2018 on 3rd / 4th November 2018.


The current Kanotix Silverfire is based on Debian 10 "Buster". Just like the Debian base, Kanotix-Silverfire was initially in "testing" mode. Some "previews" with the desktop environments KDE and LXDE, each in the 32- and 64-bit variant, are linked on the Kanotix homepage. Since the release of Debian-Buster on July 6, 2019, the newer Kanotix versions "silverfire" as well as the versions "steelfire" and "spitfire" are on the new download page. The extended versions of KANOTIX-Silverfire Extra ISO 2020 have been on the download page since April 12, 2020.


The Parsix distribution was a derivative of Kanotix, which, in contrast to Kanotix , was geared towards the Gnome desktop environment .

See also

Web links

Commons : Kanotix  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Debian Live
  2. Kanotix Downloads
  3. Kano's scriptpage for Kanotix and Knoppix
  4. FAQ
  5. Creation of a bootable USB medium
  6. Acritoxinstaller
  7. Beta Review: Kanotix 2007 "Thorhammer" RC5B
  8. GNU Linux Live System (login required)
  9. KANOTIX 2007 Thorhammer RC7 published
  10. Kano's forum contributions in "Information Policy" from March 25, 2008
  11. Kano's forum posts from July 16, 2008
  12. Forum Notes on Kanotix Excalibur
  13. Release Kanotix-Excalibur 2010
  14. Hellfire release announcement
  15. Hellfire Release for LinuxTag 2011
  16. LinuxTag 2011
  17. LinuxTag 2012
  18. Release announcement Kanotix-2012-05
  19. CeBIT special 2013
  20. Kanotix Dragonfire LinuxTag 2013
  21. LinuxTag 2014
  22. Kanotix at LinuxTag 2014
  23. a b Kanotix Nightly Builds
  24. OpenRheinRuhr 2015
  26. Kanotix Downloads
  27. News KANOTIX-Siverfire Extra ISO