Karl Hennemann (politician)

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Karl Hennemann (born September 17, 1898 in Cologne , † December 1, 1963 ) was a German politician ( KPD ), trade unionist and resistance fighter against the Nazi regime .


Hennemann, son of a tailor , learned the trade of cabinet maker . In 1915 he was called up as a soldier for military service.

In 1920 Hennemann joined the United Communist Party of Germany (VKPD). In 1924 he ran on the list of the KPD for the Cologne city council. In 1927 he was elected deputy chairman of the Red Aid in the Middle Rhine district. In the same year he was also a delegate to the district party convention of the KPD, where he was a member of the editorial committee. In the summer of 1929 he was dismissed without notice from the Peter Stühlen company in Cologne-Kalk , where he was chairman of the works council. A lawsuit before the labor court was dismissed. In November 1929 Hennemann was elected to the Cologne city ​​council , but he resigned his mandate on November 20, 1931.

After the " seizure of power " by the National Socialists, Hennemann took part in the KPD's resistance struggle. He fled to the Netherlands and stayed in Vaals until the end of June 1933 - on the border with Aachen . He was then in exile in the Saar region , in France , from 1936 in Norway and most recently in Sweden . In January 1938, Willy Brandt and Hennemann made personal contacts as part of the seafaring work for the International Transport Workers' Federation in Bergen . The recognition of Hennemann, who wanted to work for the ITF, made Edo Fimmen dependent on Brandt's guarantee for his political loyalty. Brandt gave this after having had a conversation with Hennemann and the local chairman of the seamen's association in Bergen. In Sweden, Hennemann was a member of the last KPD party leadership under Anton Plenikowski .

In March 1946 Hennemann returned to Germany via Danzig . He was initially supposed to be made available to the KPD district leadership in his hometown of Cologne, but then became a member of the zone secretariat in Mainz , where he was responsible for management issues. From 1948 until the KPD was banned in 1956, Hennemann was a member of the secretariat of the state board of the KPD in Rhineland-Palatinate , where he was initially responsible for labor and social affairs, then for management issues. From 1954 he was responsible for the material care of imprisoned party members, at the time of the party ban for mass organizations.

In 1959, Hennemann was sentenced to two months in prison for being a ringlead in the "State Committee for the Preservation of Democratic Rights and for the Defense of Imprisoned Patriots", which was banned in 1955. In 1960 he moved to the GDR. Hennemann died there at the age of 65 after a long and serious illness.


  • Günter Bers: A regional division of the KPD. The Middle Rhine district and its party congresses in 1927/1929 . Unicorn Press Publishing House. Reinbek near Hamburg 1981, ISBN 3-88756-021-3 , p. 152.
  • Einhart O. Lorenz: Exile in Norway. Living conditions and work of German-speaking refugees 1933–1943 . Nomos, Baden-Baden 1992, ISBN 3-7890-2721-9 , pp. 205 and 270.
  • Michael F. Scholz : Would you like some Scandinavian experience? Post-exile and remigration. The former KPD emigrants in Scandinavia and their further fate in the Soviet Zone / GDR . Franz Steiner Verlag, Stuttgart 2000, ISBN 3-515-07651-4 , pp. 77, 341, 346f. and 357.
  • Klaus J. Becker: The KPD in Rhineland-Palatinate 1946–1956 . von Hase & Koehler, Mainz 2001, ISBN 3-7758-1393-4 , p. 449 and passim.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Obituary of the Central Committee of the KPD in Neues Deutschland from December 4, 1963.
  2. ^ Einhart O. Lorenz: Willy Brandt in Norway . Neuer Malik Verlag, Kiel 1989, ISBN 3-89029-955-5 , p. 175.
  3. Einhart O. Lorenz: A very cloudy chapter? Hitler refugees in northern European exile 1933 to 1950 . Results Verlag, Hamburg 1998, ISBN 3-87916-044-9 , p. 172.