Contra (game term)

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Giving contra, or also contraing, from Latin contra , dt. Against , is a term from the game, especially the card game .

Cons in the card game


If a player buys z. B. the right to “play” in bridge , if an opponent thinks that declarer will not win, he can announce “ contra ” or “ double ”; this doubles the play value.

If the declarer believes that he will win the game, he can double ( redouble ) the game value one more time with “ Rekontra ”, “ Redouble ” (or “ Re ” for short ).


In the case of tarot , the rules of the game allow a further doubling: the corresponding announcement is “ Subkontra ” (“ Sub ” for short ) or occasionally “ Hirsch ” as a joking answer to “Re (h)”, bringing the game value to eight times the original Use is increased.


The double is also common in Skat , but it is not part of the official rules; instead of “subcontra”, “ supra ” is often announced.

In some game rounds, doubling can be made and the game value can be increased to sixteen times, but this only happens very rarely. The names for these further doublings are quite inconsistent, so in some game rounds the “stag” only follows a preceding “ buck ” in the meaning of “supra”.

Double head

In Doppelkopf , the party that has the queens of the cross doubles with Re , while the opposing party announces Contra . This also announces which party you belong to.

Sheep head

When Sheepshead the term is regionally spray or the verb splash in use.


When it comes to wadding , the term "contra" is not in use, but a similar practice is very common: here it means doing away with the request "are you going?" or "three" is announced and increases the game value from the usual two to three points. Further increases ("four", "five") are alternately possible (up to the number of points sufficient for the total win, theoretically up to fifteen in the first game). However, the play value is not doubled each time.

Cons in backgammon and in chess

The idea of Kontrierens is also found in doubling the Backgammon (qv) again believes a player in the course of a game that his opponent will not win more, he can of his opponent in a sense the last train kontrieren and offer a double. The opponent can either accept the doubling, or he must immediately lose the game and pay the stake valid up to that point.

The doubling rule in backgammon was invented in a New York club in the 1920s and enriched the game in a very important way. Little is known that doubling up (in exactly the same way as in backgammon) as a "coffee house rule" is still occasionally played in chess for money: if a player wants to double the stake, he does so by saying contra .

Some backgammon players also allow so-called " beavers ", which corresponds to the rekontra: if the player who was offered the doubling is sure of his victory, he can double the value of the game again with this announcement without his right to give up sole access to the doubling cube. In some player circles, the opponent may then increase the game value eight times by calling " Raccoon ", and the player one last time by saying " Skunk " or " Otter " to sixteen times ; but then you have to roll the dice and place the next move. However, these multiple doubles are not part of the official backgammon rules and are explicitly excluded from tournaments.

Counter snap

In the Bauernschnapsen , the special games Kontraschnapser and Kontrabauer are played. Unlike other card games "means counterpoint " in this case that an opponent of the party that the asset has determined a game with this trump logs.


  1. See, for example, John R. Crawford , Oswald Jacoby : The Backgammon Book , The Viking Press Inc., New York, 1970
  2. See for example: Every now and then a game of two blitzes with ATS five and "Kontra" was played, so on good days you could earn the money for a whole week of study. Chess and the disdainful Mammon. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014 ; accessed on February 1, 2016 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Contra  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations