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A summit is a mountain or hill scoop summit that no rocky summit formation has. A mountain formation made up of knolls is called a knoll mountain (see below). In geology, the term also includes corresponding forms of stratigraphy .

The Cartography further summarizes the concept, and called the summit in general, all surveys (biaxially convex terrain ), including those with more acute expression.

A knoll lying on the slope of a mountain is called a fallback knoll. Medieval castles were often built at such locations.


Kuppe comes from the central German vernacular of the 18th century, presumably it comes from the late Latin common novel. cuppa " cup ", which was then translated in the sense of " hood " used for a summit.

In field names , peaks are also referred to with words such as Stauf, Kogel , Kopf, Nock, Gupf or Kulm .

The word Kuppe also describes other highest points, for example in road construction and road traffic the crossing of a ridge . Tip is also found as a word component in things that form an elevation ( fingertip ).

Geomorphology and geology

Kuppengebirge is a term used in geomorphology . Tip mountains are typical for the low mountain ranges and the foothills of the Alps . Their formation depends on the type of rock and a usually regular erosion .

For example, this is the name given to the many round peaks of the Fichtelgebirge or the Bachergebirge , but even peaks are also common in the hill country . In this context, for example, parts of the Rhön are also referred to as Kuppenrhön and Kuppe , Koppe can be found as a word component in names of mountains, e.g. B. Schneekoppe .

Places in vaulted sediment layers where rising oil or natural gas has collected are also known as peaks.

Web links

Wiktionary: Kuppe  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Rückfallkuppe - Lexicon of Geosciences. In: Retrieved April 7, 2016 .