|origin||Brasília , Brazil|
|Genre (s)||Punk , new wave , folk rock|
|Dado Villa-Lobos (from 1983)|
|Eduardo Paraná (until 1982)|
|Paulo Paulista (until 1982)|
|Ico-Ouro Preto (1982-1983)|
|Renato Rocha (1984-1989)|
Legião Urbana was founded in Brasília in 1982 by Renato Russo, Marcelo Bonfá, Eduardo Paraná and Paulo Paulista. However, Eduardo Paraná and Paulo Paulista left the band after a few appearances. In their place came Renato Rocha and Dado Villa-Lobos (with a short interlude from Ico-Ouro Preto), with which the band assumed their classic and best-known line-up. Only from 1984 to 1989 did the band have another bass player in Pedro Rocha. Led by Renato Russo, Legião Urbana rose to become one of the most important bands on the Brazilian music scene.
While the group's first album, Legião Urbana , was still moderately successful at first, the band's second album was an instant hit. The group's texts, which were written almost exclusively by Russo, dealt with literary and political topics. Songs like Faroeste Caboclo from the third album Que país é este also address modern problems such as drug trafficking. Not least because of the lifelike themes, the group's popularity increased in their home country after their first albums, especially among younger people. As a result, riots broke out at some of their concerts, sometimes resulting in storming the stage and even killing a fan. As a result, the group avoided major concerts and tours.
After bassist Rocha left, the group released As Quatro Estações , which became one of the band's most successful albums. The themes of the lyrics, however, were now dominated by topics like family and relationships, which put some of the early fans off. The following album V , however, was again determined by the economic decline of Brazil at the beginning of the 90s. However, some concerts for the album had to be canceled due to Russo's poor health. Nevertheless, the compilation Música Para Acampamentos appeared in 1992 , on which u. a. Cover versions of the Beatles and John Lennon can be found. After Russo occasionally devoted himself to his solo projects, the group released two more albums in the mid-1990s.
When Renato Russo died in 1996, the remaining members of Legião Urbana decided to break up the band.
Legião Urbana was also considered a post-punk band. As influences are The Smiths and their singer Morrissey and PIL and Joy Division called. After their breakup, the group continued to be represented with compilations and live albums in the musical landscape of their home country and is one of the most popular rock bands in Brazil with over 20 million records sold.
- Legião Urbana (1985, 970,000 records sold)
- Dois (1986, 1.8 million records sold)
- Que país é este (1987, 1.3 million records sold)
- As Quatro Estações (1989, 2 million records sold)
- V (1991, 900,000 records sold)
- Música Para Acampamentos (1992, 820,000 records sold)
- O Descobrimento do Brasil (1993, 875,000 records sold)
- A Tempestade ou O Livro dos Dias (1996, 1 million records sold)
- Uma Outra Estação (1997, 525,000 records sold)
- Mais do Mesmo (compilation 1998, 1 million records sold)
- Acústico MTV (1999, 1.25 million records sold)
- Como é que se diz eu te amo (2001, 750,000 records sold)
- Jeff Dantas: E afinal, por que a Legião Urbana é ainda tão importante? minilua.com, April 28, 2017, accessed January 15, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).
- Músico Pedro Ivo defende a Influencia da Legião nos artistas de Brasília. correiobraziliense.com.br, October 6, 2014, accessed January 15, 2020 (Brazilian Portuguese).