Hans Fruck

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Hans Fruck (born August 15, 1911 in Berlin , † December 15, 1990 in Berlin) was a German politician. He was a communist activist, a resistance fighter against the Nazis and finally First Deputy Head of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of State Security of the GDR.


Fruck was born into a working-class family, attended elementary school and learned the trade of tool lathe operator from 1925 to 1930. In 1925 he joined the Socialist Workers' Youth (SAJ), in 1927 the Communist Youth Association Germany (KJVD) and became a member of the Berlin-Brandenburg district management. In 1929 he joined the KPD . From 1930 to 1933 he was a travel agent and assistant editor at the publishing house of the Reich Committee of the Revolutionary Trade Union Opposition (RGO). At the same time, he took on a role in the Berlin-Brandenburg RGO district youth leadership and in the Union of Metalworkers in Berlin (EVMB). From 1933 to 1934 he was unemployed and participated in the resistance as a member of the Association of German-Jewish Youth . Fruck was also active in the resistance for the illegal RGO and the EVMB.

Together with his wife Carmen Fruck , née Ebermann, he belonged to the resistance group around Herbert Baum . As a metal worker at the Raboma machine factory in Berlin-Borsigwalde , he became the head of a company resistance group. In 1943 he was arrested and sentenced to five years in prison for high treason , which he spent in Brandenburg-Görden prison until 1945 . His mother-in-law Anna Ebermann was murdered in March 1944 in Berlin-Plötzensee .

In 1945 he joined the police , was initially district chief, from 1946 head of the search department in the Berlin criminal police , from 1948 to 1950 deputy head of the Berlin criminal investigation department. In 1946 he joined the SED .

From 1950 he was an employee of the Ministry for State Security (MfS) and was entrusted with setting up the Berlin district administration. In 1952 he was promoted to colonel . From 1952 to 1956 Fruck was head of the MfS district administration for Greater Berlin and a member of the SED district leadership, since 1953 with the rank of major general . From 1956 he was deputy to the head of the Enlightenment Administration in the Ministry for State Security of the GDR. In 1977 he retired.

On May 6, 1955, as an employee of the Ministry of the Interior, he received the Patriotic Order of Merit (VVO) in silver, also in silver in 1965 and in gold in 1969.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fruck, Hans - BStU. In: bstu.de. Retrieved September 15, 2019 .
  2. Jens Gieseke: Who was who in the Ministry for State Security (MfS manual). (PDF; 900 kB) In: bstu.de. The Federal Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the Former German Democratic Republic (BStU), Education and Research Department, 2012, p. 24 , accessed on September 15, 2019 .
  3. ^ New Germany , May 7, 1955.