Leipzig latest news
Leipzig Latest News ( LNN , full name Leipziger Latest News and Handels-Zeitung ) was a daily newspaper published in Leipzig from 1892 to 1945 . In the interwar period, it was one of the leading regional daily newspapers with the highest circulation in Germany. The conservative, nationally oriented paper appeared seven times a week, with the exception of the second public holiday, with a circulation of over 150,000.
A native of a cloth manufacturing family Edgar Herfurth (1865-1950) and his older brother Paul (1855-1937) founded in 1892 the publishing house "Edgar Herfurth & Co." They took over since 1860 issued by the printer Guido Reusche newspaper Leipziger news that as the official journal of the Leipzig authorities had a certain importance. They changed the name of the newspaper while maintaining the numbering of the years.
The production facility of Leipziger Latest Nachrichten was located in the courtyard of the corner formed by Emilienstraße and Peterssteinweg with access from both streets. The production of the Leipzig Latest News was characterized by the constant use of modern printing technology. A 32-page printing system was operated from 1895, and in 1898 Linotype typesetting machines were the first in a German press company. In 1909 the publisher introduced the first 64-page twin rotary press in Europe.
The Leipzig Latest News scored points the readers' favorite modern News Job, an extensive local section, a financial section , numerous classified ads and sophisticated entertainment, such as serial novels . There were also various side dishes. In 1921 the evening edition of the LNN was converted into its own newspaper, the Leipziger Abendpost .
As early as 1897, the newspaper had 36,000 subscribers , the number of which before the First World War exceeded 100,000. In the 1930s the LNN became the largest daily newspaper outside of Berlin with over 150,000 copies and on Sundays with over 160,000 copies .
In the 1920s, the LNN were often attacked for their conservative stance. After 1933, the National Socialists exerted considerable pressure on the LNN because of their political positions. In order to avoid being expelled from the Reich Press Chamber because of political unreliability, which would have precluded any publishing activity, in August 1936 they granted the subsidiary of an NSDAP- owned publishing house a majority stake of 51% in the company. In the period that followed, the leading articles supported National Socialist policies. Although the Fraktur typeface was not very popular with Adolf Hitler because of its ornate design, but was favored by the National Socialists as a "German font" until the Second World War, the LNN retained this font until the last edition in 1945.
The premises of the LNN were destroyed to 85% in the Second World War . The newspaper appeared in a reduced form. The edition of April 18, 1945 consisted of one sheet. It was the last. In the afternoon of that day the US Army entered Leipzig and forbade any further appearances.
In the Soviet occupation zone , to which Leipzig now belonged, the owners were expropriated as "war criminals" on the basis of the referendum in Saxony in 1946 and the operation was handed over to the SED , which expanded it into the printing house of its party organ for Leipzig, the Leipziger Volkszeitung .
The Herfurth heirs failed in 2015 before the Federal Administrative Court in an attempt to obtain compensation due to the expropriation in 1946. The court came to the opinion (like the Saxon State Office for the regulation of open property questions and the Dresden Administrative Court) that the publishing house had joined the Nazi system at least after 1936 (i.e. the time when the subsidiary of a NSDAP-owned publishing house acquired a majority stake in the LNN) have given a considerable boost.
- Horst Riedel, Thomas Nabert (ed.): Stadtlexikon Leipzig from A to Z . 1st edition. Pro Leipzig, Leipzig 2005, ISBN 3-936508-03-8 , pp. 344 .
- Leipzig latest news. In: ZEFYS newspaper information system. Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
- Leipzig latest news. In: romana-hamburg.de. Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
- Norbert Frei, Johannes Schmitz: Journalism in the Third Reich, Munich 1989, ISBN 978-3406455162 , p. 58
- "Leipziger Latest News" - and its Nazi past. In: Medienrechtsnews. Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
- Why Hitler forbade Fraktur. In: Edition Romana Hamburg. Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
- Leipziger latest news of April 18, 1945. In: ZEFYS newspaper information system . Retrieved October 30, 2016 .
- Michael Meyen : Leipzig's bourgeois press in the Weimar Republic. Interrelationships between social change and newspaper development (= university publications of the Rosa-Luxemburg-Verein ). Rosa-Luxemburg-Verein, Leipzig 1996, ISBN 3-929994-58-5 (also dissertation, University of Leipzig 1995), p. 111.
- Federal Administrative Court, judgment of April 23, 2015 - BVerwG 5 C 10.14 ( online ).