A party newspaper is usually each of a particular political party issued . Often times, the members of a party get this newspaper automatically. Larger party newspapers are also available in newsagents . Newspapers that belong to parties but that are not used as mouthpieces for these parties are generally not referred to as party newspapers. Therefore, the numerous social democratic newspapers in which the SPD is involved are not considered party newspapers.
A party newspaper essentially reports on the current situation of the party that publishes or is ideologically related. It also provides information on internal party processes. Comments and opinion articles can help shape opinion in the party - for example, before votes or election campaigns; they give an impression of the spectrum of opinion . Sometimes a party newspaper is also referred to as a party organ . This designates a task of a party newspaper, namely to publish notices or statements by party organs.
The development of the party press in the 19th century is interrelated with the development of modern mass parties . As a rule, the party newspapers did not succeed in gaining a dominant share of the entire newspaper market.
After the Second World War, the publication of a newspaper in Germany required a license from the respective occupation authorities. In the Soviet zone of occupation (SBZ), newspapers affiliated to the party were mainly admitted. Some approved non-partisan papers (e.g. the Abendpost in Erfurt or the Tagespost in Potsdam) were discontinued by the early 1950s at the latest. Non- partisan newspapers were allowed in the three western zones . The US military government rejected party newspapers z. B. in Baden-Württemberg until June 1, 1949.
With the de-ideologization after the occupation in West Germany, the situation of numerous party newspapers became more difficult, and there were numerous attitudes for economic reasons.
- Bayernkurier (part of the CSU )
- Disput ( DIE LINKE members' magazine )
- fdplus (part of the FDP )
- Forward (party newspaper of the SPD )
- Konrad Dussel, German daily press in the 19th and 20th centuries , LIT Verlag, Berlin, 2004. ISBN 3-8258-6811-7
- Heinz-Dietrich Fischer: History of the party newspaper . In: Joachim-Félix Leonhard, Hans-Werner Ludwig (Hrsg.): Media Studies 1st Part . A manual for the development of media and forms of communication. tape 15 . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1999, ISBN 3-11-013961-8 , pp. 939–955 ( online at books.google.de ).