List of sailors

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Seafarers are people, groups or peoples whose lives are mainly shaped by seafaring .

Well-known seafarers

Until 1400

  • Kolaios of Samos , sailed in the 7th century BC BC for the first time beyond Gibraltar
  • Himilkon , Carthaginian, explored around 480 BC. BC Britain
  • Hanno , Carthaginian, researched around 470 BC The Central African coast
  • Pytheas , Greek, drove between 330 BC. BC and 310 BC Until the Arctic Circle
  • Erik the Red , Scandinavian, settled Greenland in 985
  • Leif Eriksson , Nordmanne, around 1000 first discovery of America ("Vinland")
  • Freydis Eriksdóttir , Icelander, around 1000
  • Vadino and Ugolino de Vivaldo , Italians, the brothers tried in 1291 to be the first to sail around Africa and reach Malabar

15th century

  • Zheng He , Chinese, explored Asia and Africa between 1405 and 1433
  • João Gonçalves Zarco , Portuguese, “rediscoverer” of the Madeira Archipelago in 1418, he received Funchal
  • Bartolomeu Perestrelo , Portuguese, "rediscoverer" of the Madeira Archipelago in 1418, he receives Porto Santo, his daughter marries Columbus
  • Tristão Vaz Teixeira , Portuguese, "rediscoverer" of the Madeira archipelago in 1418, he received Machico
  • Gil Eanes , Portuguese, was the first to sail beyond Cape Bojador , which is considered the end of the world, in 1434 and then returned
  • Afonso Gonçalves Baldaia , Portuguese, sailed further south in 1436 on the coast of what is now the Western Sahara territory
  • Dinis Dias , Portuguese, reached the westernmost point of continental Africa in 1444, the Cap Vert in what is now Senegal
  • Alvise Cadamosto , Italian, explored the West African coast in 1455 and 1456 in the service of the Portuguese and discovered three of the Cape Verde islands
  • Antoniotto Usodimare , Italian, companion of Cadamostos on his expeditions in 1455 and 1456
  • Antonio da Noli , Italian, developed the Cape Verde Islands between 1458 and 1460
  • Didrik Pining , German, possibly discoverer of America 1473
  • João Corte-Real , Portuguese, traveled with Pining, possibly opened up the Newfoundland banks ("Terra Nova do Bacalao")
  • Diogo de Azambuja , Portuguese, 1482–1484 the first Portuguese governor ( capitão-mór ), from Elmina (now in Ghana)
  • Diogo Cão , Portuguese, explored the west coast of Africa to Walvis Bay between 1482 and 1489
  • Bartolomeu Diaz , Portuguese, reached the Cape of Good Hope in 1487 and circled Africa
  • Christopher Columbus , Italian, discovered the Caribbean islands in 1492 (and set foot on the American mainland on his fourth voyage in 1502)
  • Giovanni Caboto , Italian, reached either Newfoundland in 1497 or the North American mainland as the first European after the Vikings
  • João Fernandes Labrador , Portuguese, sailed the coast of the Labrador Peninsula, probably named after him, in 1498
  • Vasco da Gama , Portuguese, circumnavigated Africa between 1497 and 1499 and reached India
  • Vicente Yáñez Pinzón , Spaniard, discovered the mouth of the Amazon in 1499 and later explored the coasts of Central America
  • Amerigo Vespucci , Italian, explored the east coast of South America from 1499
  • Pedro Álvares Cabral , Portuguese, “discovered” Brazil in 1500 and headed for four continents in one trip: America, Africa, Asia, Europe

16th Century

  • Afonso de Albuquerque , Portuguese, conquered and defended the eastern sea route to India for Portugal from 1503 to 1515
  • Ferdinand Magellan , Portuguese, was the first to sail around the world in 1519, exploring the Pacific
  • Juan Sebastián Elcano , Spaniard, was the first to circumnavigate the earth between 1519 and 1522 while continuing Magellan's expedition
  • João Álvares Fagundes , Portuguese, explored the eastern coast of Canada in the 1520s
  • Giovanni da Verrazzano , Italian, searched for the Northwest Passage near the Hudson River in 1524
  • Jacques Cartier , French, explored the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in 1534 and the Saint Lawrence River in 1535
  • Richard Chancellor , English, reached Dvina Bay in the White Sea in 1553 while searching for the Northeast Passage
  • Sir Martin Frobisher , English, discovered Frobisher Bay, named after him, in 1576 while searching for the Northwest Passage
  • Sir Francis Drake , Englishman, privateer and later explorer, first English circumnavigator between 1577 and 1580
  • John Davis , English, explored the polar seas and coasts from 1585 and discovered the Falkland Islands
  • Juan de Fuca , Greek, sailed the Pacific Ocean from Mexico to today's Canadian coast for the Spaniards in the 1590s
  • Willem Barents , Dutch, explored the Northeast Passage in the Barents Sea named after him from 1594–1596

17th century

  • Luiz Váez de Torres , origin unclear, explored the archipelagos of the South Seas and the southern coast of New Guinea in 1606
  • Henry Hudson , English, explored the Northwest Passage several times between 1607 and 1611
  • Jacob Le Maire , Dutch, circled and named Cape Horn in 1616 with Willem Cornelisz Schouten and discovered the Tonga Islands
  • Abel Tasman , Dutch, discovered Tasmania and the South Island of New Zealand in 1642 and the Tonga and Fiji Islands in 1643
  • Semyon Deshnev , Russian, was the first to cross the Bering Strait in 1648 and proved that Asia is not connected to America
  • William Dampier , British privateer, naturalist and hydrographer, was the first to circumnavigate the world three times (between 1679 and 1711)

18th century

  • Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier , French, Antarctic voyage in 1738, discovered Bouvet Island
  • Vitus Bering , Dane, discovered the sea route from Kamchatka to Alaska in 1741–1742
  • George Anson , British circumnavigator and admiral, mapped large areas of the Pacific from 1740–1744, e. B. the Mariana Islands
  • Louis Antoine de Bougainville , 1766–1769 was the first French to circumnavigate the earth
  • James Cook , English, went on three extensive expeditions around the world between 1768 and 1779
  • John Paul Jones , Scot, fought in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) and is considered the "father of the US Navy"
  • Jean-François de La Pérouse , French, explored large parts of the Pacific from 1785–1788

19th century

From 1901

  • Roald Amundsen , Norwegian, was the first to sail the Northwest Passage between 1903 and 1906
  • Thor Heyerdahl , Norwegian, sailed from South America to Tahiti on the Kon-Tiki raft in 1947 and from Morocco to Barbados in 1970 on the Ra II papyrus boat


Web links

Wiktionary: Seafarers  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations