London Passenger Transport Board

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The London Passenger Transport Board (LPTB) was a public transport authority that was responsible for local public transport in and around London from 1933 to 1948 . Before that, there had been no overall coordination of the various modes of transport. Like all of its successor organizations until 2000, the LPTB appeared under the brand name London Transport .

Origin and composition

The LPTB was created on July 1, 1933 under the London Passenger Transport Act 1933 passed by the British Parliament on April 13, 1933 , which had been proposed in 1931 by Transport Minister Herbert Stanley Morrison .

The LPTB's administrative board had seven members. These were jointly appointed by five "nomination trustees". According to the law, they were

Catchment area

Catchment area of ​​the LPTB

The LPTB's catchment area, known as the London Passenger Transport Area , was approximately 30 miles (48 km) from Charing Cross . It thus extended beyond the boundaries of the area that later officially became Greater London ; to Baldock in the north, Brentwood in the east, Horsham in the south and High Wycombe in the west.

This area is marked with a continuous red line on the adjacent map. Within the Special Area (dashed black line), the LPTB had a monopoly on local public transport; other providers were not permitted without the LPTB's permission. For comparison, the catchment area of ​​the Metropolitan Police Service at that time is shown in blue, the County of London appears as a gray area. Bus routes on roads that the LPTB was allowed to use outside its catchment area are shown as dotted red lines.

Transport companies absorbed in the LPTB

With the law, the following transport companies were incorporated into the LPTB:

Bus companies

Further development

London Transport logo on the grille of a Routemaster bus

The LPTB was empowered to enter into agreements with the railway companies regarding suburban traffic in their catchment area. All buses , trolleybuses , trams and underground cars in the central area were given a uniform red paint, which later became characteristic of London. Buses in the rural outskirts and those on express bus routes from there to central London were painted green, the latter operated under the name Green Line .

In the years 1935 to 1940 the LPTB carried out an extensive investment program called the New Works Program , which provided for the extension of lines and the modernization of the existing network. These included extensions of the Central Line , Bakerloo Line , Northern Line and Metropolitan Line , new trains and depots, extensive renovations of central underground stations and the replacement of the tram network with trolleybuses , which, however, lasted until 1952 due to the effects of the war. The LPTB also further developed the uniform corporate identity of the former Underground Group with the brand name London Transport . The LPTB was replaced on January 1, 1948 by the London Transport Executive , but continued to exist as a legal entity until December 23, 1949.


  • TC Barker, Michael Robbins: A History of London Transport - the Twentieth Century to 1970 . George Allen & Unwin Ltd, 1974
  • Oliver Green, John Reed: The London Transport Golden Jubilee Book (1933–1983) . The Daily Telegraph, London 1983, ISBN 0-901684-86-4 (paperback) / 0-901684-96-1 (English)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b B.WC Cooke: The Why and the Wherefore: London Transport Board . In: Tothill Press (Ed.): The Railway Magazine . 110, No. 761, Westminster, September 1964, p. 739.
  2. ^ Alfred Plummer: The London Passenger Transport Act of 1933: A New Socialization . In: The Quarterly Journal of Economics . 48, No. 1, November 1933, pp. 181-193.
  3. ^ Main-Line Companies Dissolved . In: Transport (1910) Ltd (Ed.): The Railway Magazine . 96, No. 586, London, February 1950, p. 73.