The slogan was called the citizen tax of the imperial city of Nuremberg . The Losungsstube, later called Losungsamt , administered the city's income. Their chief was the foremost slogan , who acted as the city's supreme ruler . (See also: History of the City of Nuremberg .)
Collection of the slogan
After a council decree to collect the slogan, the slogan lists were drawn up in the slogan room , which listed all taxable citizens. These citizens were then asked to take an oath of slogan, in which they had to swear that they "would conscientiously calculate and pay the slogan".
Different types of income were subject to the slogan, but not gold, silver, household effects and clothing. Different slogans applied to the different types of income and wealth. In order not to make the citizens' wealth public, everyone had to assess their own wealth and determine which slogan to be paid off. After that, he had to exchange the usual gold and silver coins for money coins made of copper and brass, also known as symbol symbols , according to the money due.
After that, the citizen appeared in the password room for a specified period of time to covertly drop his password in front of a writer or a writer. This confirmed to the taxpayer with a slip that he had paid the slogan for this year.
Some sources claim that in 1306 some laws and regulations, including those on the slogan, were adopted in Nuremberg by the Republic of Venice . In the “Message from the Solution” of 1787 this was rejected as “unhistorical inaccuracy”. The oldest known Sebalder solution list dates back to the 1392nd
Initially, the slogan was only raised to finance special tasks, then every two to three years and, from the 16th century, usually annually.
The foremost slogan was the highest public office in the imperial city of Nuremberg. He was in control of the city's finances.
The Septemvirale consisted of seven people and was the actual government of the city. This committee, also known as the College of Elderly Men , was appointed from among the ranks of the Old Mayors. The Septemvirale, for its part, appointed the chief captains from among its members. The first captain was the foremost Losunger, his deputy the younger Losunger. If the foremost Losunger died, the younger Losunger followed him and the 3rd captain became the younger Losunger. A slogan had to take an oath of tax secrecy when taking office. From the Nuremberg patrician Ruprecht Haller , who was one of the two slogans from 1474, an order of the entry and exit of Emperor Friedrich III is registered in the council archives . handed down in 1485 .
By resolution of the council on April 22, 1617, the office of the Reichsschultheiß and that of the slogan were merged. However, this personal union had existed since the election of Andreas I. Imhoff as Reichsschultheiß in 1571.
Since the constitutional reform of 1794, the Greater Council had the right to approve, including on financial issues relating to the city.
- Johann Georg Krünitz : Economic-Technological Encyclopedia, or general system of state, town, house and agriculture, as well as the description of the earth, art and natural history: in alphabetical order. tape 80 : From Loano to Lotterbube. Joachim Pauli , Berlin 1807, p. 731 ff . ( Google Books ).
- News of the slogan in Nuremberg and remarks on some related points of Nuremberg constitutional law . 1787 ( Google Books ).
- Walter Bauernfeind: Solution . In: Michael Diefenbacher , Rudolf Endres (Hrsg.): Stadtlexikon Nürnberg . 2nd, improved edition. W. Tümmels Verlag, Nuremberg 2000, ISBN 3-921590-69-8 ( complete edition online ).
- Loyalty oath , Economic Encyclopedia (1773-1858)
- Peter Johannek: Haller, Ruprecht. In: Burghart Wachinger et al. (Hrsg.): The German literature of the Middle Ages. Author Lexicon . 2nd, completely revised edition, volume 3. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 1981, ISBN 3-11-007264-5 , column 421 f.
- Nuremberg, Imperial City: Administration , Historical Lexicon of Bavaria