Ludwik Krzywicki

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Ludwik Krzywicki, 1882

Ludwik Krzywicki (born August 21, 1859 in Płock , Russian Empire , † June 10, 1941 in Warsaw ) was a Polish anthropologist , sociologist and economist .


Krzywicki studied mathematics at the University of Warsaw . After receiving his mathematics diploma, he enrolled at the medical faculty, but was expelled from the university due to his political activities with the socialists . He then went abroad, first to Leipzig , then Zurich and finally to Paris , where he studied anthropology, archeology and ethnology. In 1893 he returned to Poland and continued his political commitment. From 1900 he worked as an archaeologist in Lithuania , where he a. a. directed the excavations in Samogitia . After the First World War he gave up all political activities and concentrated on scientific research. In 1918 he became the initiator of the Polish main statistical office and its deputy director. 1919-1936 he became professor of the Social and Economic Institute at the University of Warsaw. One of his most important scientific contributions was the theory of the " migration of ideas ".

During a German bombing of Warsaw in 1939 , his house and all his writings were destroyed and he himself was injured. His son Jerzy Krzywicki was probably a victim of the Soviet massacre in Katyn in 1940 , his daughter-in-law Irena Krzywicka (1899–1994) was a Polish feminist.


  • A. Miller: Krzywicki, Ludwik. In: Wilhelm Bernsdorf , Horst Knospe (Ed.): Internationales Soziologenlexikon. Volume 1: Articles on sociologists who died by the end of 1969. 2nd revised edition. Enke, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-432-82652-4 , p. 226 f.

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