Lucania (Latin and Italian: Lucania ) is a historic landscape in southern Italy.
Name and location
Lucania was surrounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west, the Gulf of Taranto in the east, the landscapes of Campania , Samnium and Apulia in the north and the landscape of Bruttium , today's Calabria , in the south.
The border against Campania ran on the river Sele (Latin: Silarus), so that most of today's Campania province of Salerno, especially the Cilento landscape , belonged to Lucania. To the northeast, Lucania extended to the Bradanus River .
The core of the area thus coincides with today's Basilicata region .
As a regional name, "Lucania" got in the High Middle Ages, after the Norman conquest of southern Italy , competition from "Basilicata", the name of an administrative unit from which today's Basilicata region emerged.