Gerhard Radke

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Max Georg Gerhard Radke (born February 18, 1914 in Berlin ; † July 24, 1999 there ) was a German classical philologist .


Gerhard Radke was in 1936 at the Berlin University at Ludwig Deubner with the dissertation The importance of white and black color in cult and custom of the Greeks and Romans doctorate .

During the Second World War he was drafted into military service and stationed near Belgrade . A Jewish family who had fled from Belgrade also lived in the house in which he was staying. They had Iranian passports, but had to leave them behind when they flee Belgrade. Gerhard Radke took the family to their apartment in a military vehicle and broke the seal there so that the family could get passports and valuables. In the two weeks remaining until Radke was transferred to the Russian front, he provided the family with all the documents they needed to travel to Palestine so that they could travel via Bulgaria and Turkey and thus avoid the Holocaust .

After his return he worked in Berlin as a high school teacher. In 1956 he was appointed honorary professor at the Technical University of Berlin . Until his retirement he worked as a senior high school supervisor in the West Berlin Senate Administration for Schools. On his 70th birthday, Ruth Altheim-Stiehl and Manfred Rosenbach published a commemorative publication in his honor with the title Contributions to the Old Italian Intellectual History (Münster 1986).

In addition to teaching and organizing, Radke worked in research all his life. His focus was on the Roman religion, chronology and the early stages of Latin. Among his best-known writings are Die Götter Altitaliens (Münster 1965. Second, revised and supplemented edition 1979), Politics and literary art in the work of Tacitus (Stuttgart 1972), Archaic Latin: Historical and Linguistic Studies (Darmstadt 1981), On the Development of the Concept of God and the worship of God in Rome (Darmstadt 1987) and Fasti Romani: reflections on the early history of the Roman calendar (Münster 1990). Radke also wrote numerous geographical articles for the revision of Pauly's Realencyclopadie of classical antiquity and for the little Pauly .

Radke has received several awards for his services. He had been in command of the Greek Order of the Phoenix since 1959 , an honorary citizen of the city of Camerino in Italy since 1967 and a member of various scientific societies in Italy since the 1970s. In 1985 he was awarded the Federal Cross of Merit on ribbon . For his resistance against National Socialism, Radke was awarded the honorary title Righteous Among the Nations in 1967 .

Fonts (selection)

  • The meaning of the white and black color in the cult and custom of the Greeks and Romans. Neuenhahn, Jena 1936, (Berlin, University, dissertation, 1936).
  • The gods of ancient Italy (= Fontes et commentationes. 3, ISSN  0077-1953 ). Aschendorff, Münster 1965, (2nd, revised and supplemented edition. Ibid 1979, ISBN 3-402-05192-3 ).
  • Via publicae Romanae. Druckermüller, Stuttgart 1971 (preprint from: Pauly-Wissowa . Supplement-Volume 13).
  • Archaic Latin. Historical and linguistic studies (= income from research. Vol. 150). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1981, ISBN 3-534-08063-7 .
  • On the development of the conception of God and the worship of God in Rome (= impulses of research. Vol. 50). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1987, ISBN 3-534-08342-3 .
  • Fasti Romani. Reflections on the early history of the Roman calendar (= Orbis antiquus. H. 31). Aschendorff, Münster 1990, ISBN 3-402-05409-4 .
  • with Arnold Bork: Antiquities and lessons. People and knowledge, Berlin et al. 1948.
  • with Arnold Bork: Contributions to antiquity. Pedagogical publishing house, Berlin ao 1949.
  • Commemorative document for Georg Rohde (= Aparchai. Vol. 4, ZDB -ID 844417-1 ). Niemeyer, Tübingen 1961.
  • Cicero, a man of his time. Eight lectures on a historical phenomenon. de Gruyter, Berlin 1968.
  • Politics and literary art in the work of Tacitus (= The ancient language teaching. 1). Klett, Stuttgart 1971, ISBN 3-12-963900-4 .


  • Ruth Altheim-Stiehl , Manfred Rosenbach (Ed.): Contributions to the old Italian intellectual history. Festschrift Gerhard Radke on February 18, 1984 (= Fontes et commentationes. Supplementbd. 2). Aschendorff, Münster 1986, ISBN 3-402-05199-0 .
  • Manfred Rosenbach: In memoriam Gerhard Radke . In: Latin and Greek in Berlin and Brandenburg . Vol. 43 (1999), pp. 94-98
  • Resistance in Berlin against the Nazi regime from 1933 to 1945. A biographical lexicon. Volume 6. Trafo-Verlag, Berlin 2003, ISBN 3-89626-356-0 , p. 105.
  • Kürschner's German Scholars Calendar 2005. 20th edition. Volume 2. Saur, Munich 2005, ISBN 3-598-23612-3 , p. 2597.
  • Daniel Fraenkel, Jakob Borut (Ed.): Germans and Austrians (= Lexicon of the Righteous Among the Nations. ). Wallstein-Verlag, Göttingen 2005, ISBN 3-89244-900-7 , p. 228 ff.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Review: Samson Eitrem : Gnomon . Vol. 13, No. 6, 1937, pp. 325-327, JSTOR 27675648 .