from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A waste paper ( Latin maculatura "stained thing", from macula "stain") is paper that has become useless, usually already printed ( waste paper ).


Waste paper as waste paper

Waste from the trimmed edges of a brochure as unmixed waste paper
The books in the basket to go to the Bag makers , which the paper for Ausfüttern of suitcases used ( William Hogarth , 1751)

In particular, and originally, the expression waste paper is used in the printing industry for sheets of paper which, when printing, for. B. have been spoiled by printing errors and otherwise damaged or faulty and can therefore no longer be used for printing. Set-up sheets from a printing press that are not to be used are also referred to as waste.

Books and files that are defined as worthless and that have lost their relevance over time, for example , can become waste. In archives this is called cassation . In libraries and museums , one speaks of deaccession when books or collection items that are considered obsolete, heavily damaged or unused are sorted out at regular intervals. Exceptions are mostly national libraries, some state libraries and a few libraries with particularly valuable historical book holdings, for example the Berlin State Library .

For bookbinding were among other medieval especially Parchment ( Pergamentmakulatur and paper no longer required books as waste for amplification) but bindings used. As a result, works that might otherwise have been lost may have been handed down to the present in fragments.

Waste in philately refers to printed sheets that can no longer be used due to printing errors, paper errors or perforation and must be destroyed.

Waste as a slang term

Colloquially , contracts or laws that are not adhered to or implemented are also referred to as waste. The term smear paper can also be used colloquially for the recycling of waste by reusing the empty backs of single sheets that are no longer required and printed on one side. Furthermore, in this context it is often said that something “has become wasted”. The term is sometimes used as a synonym for outdated or even meaningless documents.

Paper waste when wallpapering

In wallpapering, waste traditionally describes an under-wallpaper made of waste paper and paste , which should reduce the absorbency of the surface and compensate for unevenness in the wall. For this reason you can still find old newspapers now and then when you are renovating. Today, roll waste made of paper or liquid waste ( deep ground ) is more likely to be used .

Waste in outdoor advertising

Waste paper or lining paper are called plain white sheets that are used to cover old posters on e.g. B. advertising pillars can be used. They do not consist of waste paper, but are freshly made, as they are sometimes also used for lining small posters. If a new DIN A 2 poster is to be glued over the old DIN A 1 poster, a DIN A 1 sheet of waste paper is first glued onto the old poster and then the smaller new poster.


  • Bernhard Schultz: Color goods . Volume 7, Friedrich Vieweg & Son, Braunschweig 1953.
  • KW Hild: The companion for the practical painter . Outlook Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Bremen 2012, ISBN 978-3-8640-3778-8 .

Individual evidence

  1. Waste. In: Herders Conversations-Lexikon. Freiburg im Breisgau 1856, Volume 4, p. 78. Retrieved on May 18, 2018 .
  2. ^ Waste in the Synonym Lexikothek. Retrieved October 28, 2018 .

Web links

Wiktionary: Makulatur  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wikibooks: Home Improvement Guide  - Learning and Teaching Materials