An apartment building (abbreviated MFH), also apartment building , is a residential building that is designed for several families or users or tenants . It is in contrast to a single-family house (with or without a separate apartment ).
The individual apartments in an apartment building are distributed over several floors . Larger apartment buildings are counted as multi- storey buildings . A group of terraced houses that are not viewed as multi-storey buildings can also be an apartment building.
Modern, mostly free-standing, multi-family houses are touted as city villas in Germany , especially if they are in expensive residential areas and offer upscale furnishings. There have been examples of the use of the term since the International Building Exhibition in Berlin in 1984 , where it is a question of “no 'real' villas , but subsidized social housing ”. The architecture critic Falk Jaeger consistently describes these city villas as a "dubious building task".
Apartment buildings in the German building stock
About 31 percent of the living space in Germany is provided by apartment buildings. They offer the second largest living space after the single-family house . The buildings make up around 38 percent of the residential units. The residential units are therefore characterized by rather smaller apartment sizes compared to the average apartment size in Germany. Many of the buildings were built in 1958–1968 and 1995–2001.
- Robert Schediwy : Städtebilder: Reflections on the change in architecture and urbanism. 41. ISBN 978-3825877552 . ( Online ).
- Martin Wörner and Doris Moll Schott: Architectural Guide Berlin. Reimer, Berlin 1989. ISBN 3-496-00951-9 , p. 18 ff.
- Falk Jaeger: Back to the styles - architecture of the eighties in Berlin. Ernst & Sohn, Berlin 1991. ISBN 3-433-02336-0 . Quoted from: Robert Schediwy: Städtebilder: Reflections on the change in architecture and urbanism. P. 40.
- German building typology of the Institut Bauen und Umwelt (IWU) (PDF; 99 kB) accessed on April 4, 2012