Man-eating plants are fictitious plants, which according to people say among indigenous indigenous peoples and adventurers Reports with 19th century should be able to kill people and digest. They originally appeared sporadically in traditional myths from different cultures . Since the 19th century they have also become part of modern legends due to newspaper articles, books and travelogues that claimed or suspected their existence . They were also used as motifs in art and culture.
In Polynesian mythology there are legends about the demigod Māui , how he fights man-eating plants. He is credited with defeating the Hiapo , in English “paper mulberry tree ”, and then domesticated it for human use .
Man-eating plant in Madagascar
The most famous man-eating plant is said to be in Madagascar . In the wake of Charles Darwin's evidence of plant carnivore ("insect-eating plants") just a few years earlier, an alleged report received a great deal of public attention. B. on the title page of the "Journal des Voyages" from September 8, 1878 can be seen. Allegedly they were described in 1878 by a German explorer "Carl Liche" in a letter to a Polish botanist named "Omelius Fredlowski" and appeared mainly in local legends of the "Mkodos", a people in the interior, and missionary reports. However, there is no evidence of the existence of the Liche, Fredlowski, the Mkodos or the tree. In the 1950s, research by Willy Ley found that Carl Liche's original report, and himself himself, were an invention.
His report speaks of the sacrifice of a woman by the Mkodos. According to "Liches", the tree would be 2.5 m high and would have eight approximately 3.5 m long leaves and several 1.5 m long "feelers".
In 1881 the Australian magazine South Australian Register reported on the alleged man-eating plant in Madagascar, and on September 26, 1920 the American newspaper The American Weekly reported in the form of an interview with "Carl Liche". In the 1920s, several American researchers and hobby botanists, such as Chase Osborn , former Governor of Michigan, were unsuccessful in their search for this plant.
Man-eating plant in Mindanao
In 1925, The American Weekly , the same magazine that previously wrote of the man-eating plant in Madagascar, reported that another man-eating plant would exist on Mindanao , an island in the Philippines .
In South America, the carnivorous plant Ya-te-veo appears in the legends of the indigenous people . Her Spanish name means “I see you already” in German. The author J. W. Buel gave it its name. He described them with long, spiky branches and sword-shaped thorns. The book Shades of Gray by Jasper Fforde begins with the protagonist having just got into a Yateveo.
Man-eating plant in Central America
On August 27, 1892, the Scottish science author Andrew Wilson (1852-1912) reported in his Science Jottings column in the Illustrated London News about a naturalist named Dunstan - apparently Sir Wyndham Rowland Dunstan (1861-1949) - whose dog was owned by one Plant was killed and eaten. The incident took place in a swamp area around Lake Nicaragua .
Man-eating plants in art and culture
Man-eating plants have become an integral part of modern popular culture. They appear in fantasy - novels (. Eg Stephen King's incomplete novel The Plant ), in manga (eg. Inuyasha ) and Comics (eg. Donald Duck ) and also in many science fiction films (eg. B. the Sarlacc in Star Wars ). In fantasy works, parodies of certain real carnivorous plants are exercised, for example the plant Audrey from the musical The Little Horror Shop is an allusion to the - admittedly much more harmless - Venus flytrap . Or the Adele plant in Adele hasn't had dinner yet . Man-eating plants can also be found in video games. B. in Super Mario , The Legend of Zelda and Resident Evil .
In films, books and games, the appearance, size and strength of the plants are deliberately exaggerated, which is only intended for entertainment. The unreality of these beings is often heightened by the fact that the plants are ascribed the ability to think or even to speak.
- Alex Calder, Jonathan Lamb, Bridget Orr: Voyages and Beaches: Pacific Encounters, 1769-1840 . University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu 1999, ISBN 0824820398 .
- Wilhelm Barthlott, Stefan Porembski, Rüdiger Seine, Inge Theisen: Carnivores . Stuttgart 2004, ISBN 3-8001-4144-2 .
- Bob Rickard, John Michell: Unexplained Phenomena . Rough Guides, London 2000, ISBN 1-85828-589-5 .
- David Hatcher Childress: Lost Cities of Ancient Lemuria & the Pacific . Adventures Unlimited Press, Kempton 1988, ISBN 0932813046 .
- Eike Barmeyer: Science Fiction - Theory and History . W. Fink, Stuttgart 1972, ISBN 3-7705-0642-1 .
- Alex Calder, Jonathan Lamb, Bridget Orr: Voyages and Beaches: Pacific Encounters, 1769-1840 . P. 47 ( excerpt from Google book search).
- Barthlott Wilhelm, Porembski Stefan, Seine Rüdiger, Theisen Inge: Carnivores . Pp. 12-13
- Willy Ley, in: Salamanders and other Wonders . Viking Press, New York 1955, and in Exotic Zoology . Viking Press, New York 1959, p. 326 ff.
- Ron Sullivan, John Eaton: The Dirt: Myths about man-eating plants - something to chew on in the San Francisco Chronicle of October 27, 2007
- cf. Bob Rickard, John Michell: Unexplained Phenomena . P. 282 ff
- David Hatcher Childress: Lost Cities of Ancient Lemuria & the Pacific . P. 53 ( excerpt from Google book search)
- James William Buel (1849–1920), in: Sea and land. An illustrated history of the wonderful and curious things of nature existing before and since the deluge… Being a natural history of the sea… Also, a natural history of land-creatures… To which is appended a description of the cannibals and wild races of the world . Historical Publishing Company, Philadelphia / St. Louis 1887.