Michel Farinel

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Michel Farinel , also Michel Farinelli , (born May 23, 1649 in Grenoble , † June 18, 1726 in La Tronche , today a suburb of Grenoble) was a French violinist and composer of the Baroque era. He was the older brother of Jean-Baptiste Farinel .

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Michel Farinel received composition lessons from Giacomo Carissimi in Rome. From 1672 he was back in France and married Marie-Anne Cambert (1647–1724), a daughter of the composer Robert Cambert who had emigrated to London . The couple traveled to Spain in 1679 with an opera company led by the librettist Henry Guichard. In Madrid, Farinel became superintendent of music and ballet for Queen Marie-Louise of Spain , a daughter of the Duke of Orléans. When he returned to France in 1688, he received a position as violinist at the court of Versailles . A year later he settled near his native Grenoble, where he received the position of Kapellmeister at the nunnery Monastère royal de Montfleury in Corenc and took over the direction of concerts at the Ste Cécile Abbey in Grenoble.

From August 1692, Michel Farinel was the official vice controller of the paymaster for the officers' salaries of the Parliament of the Dauphiné (payeur des gages des officiers du Parlement du Dauphiné), a post he held until a few months before his death.

In 1696 Farinel set to music a collection of sacred verses by Henry Guichard, which were dedicated to the nuns of Montfleury. These works are lost, both the music and the lyrics. Farinel's best-known works are his variations on the Folia theme, known in England under the name Farinel's or "Faronel's Ground"; they were published in 1685 by John Playford in his collection The Division Violin in London. An autobiography written by Farinel is considered lost.


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