Museum documentation

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The museum documentation deals with the documentation in museums . It comprises the collection, indexing and making available of information on museum objects . Museum documentation can be viewed as a branch of museology .


Cataloging , i.e. incorporation of the object into the classification of the museum, takes place parallel to the documentation . In the past, this was mostly done using a system based on index cards, but today more and more modern database systems are used for this purpose (e.g. Axiell Collections, Daphne , IMDAS etc.), which often have modules for the online presentation of the objects as well as (e.g. the object databases of the German Historical Museum , the National Museums in Berlin , the City History Museum in Leipzig etc.). In addition, a start was made to make the online resources of the various institutions in Germany centrally accessible nationally ( BAM portal ) and internationally ( Europeana ) using a common search engine . The number of museum objects is naturally less than the documented materials from archives and museums.

While libraries and archives can access or create specific titles in order to classify an object relatively precisely, indexing museum objects is much more difficult. For this reason, controlled vocabulary such as thesauri , classifications such as Iconclass and keyword catalogs are also of great importance in museology. The Swiss Walter Trachsler in particular did pioneering work in this area for museums of cultural history .

See also


Web links

Universities and courses of study

Individual evidence

  1. Guide for the documentation of museum objects. - Berlin: Deutscher Museumsbund, 2011, ISBN 978-3-9811983-6-2 , p. 15
  2. Karin Ludewig: Norm data in the museum documentation ( German , PDF; 78 kB) In: 5th BSZ colloquium on November 25, 2003 in Mannheim . BSZ. P. 80. November 19, 2008. Accessed on January 22, 2010: “Iconclass is an international classification system for the iconographic description of images and is therefore of interest for art and cultural history museums and research. [...] The state of Baden-Württemberg has acquired such licenses for the use of Iconclass in the art museums of the state of Baden-Württemberg. Iconclass is already being used at the Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe [...] “  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  3. cf.