NATO troop statute
The NATO Status of Forces Agreement ( NTS or NATO Trst , even NATOTrStatVtr ) regulates the stay of armed forces of NATO and their families on the territory of other NATO countries. The statute was signed on June 19, 1951 between the NATO member states ( Federal Law Gazette 1961 II pp. 1183, 1190 ). It is therefore a Status of Forces Agreement .
The English name and abbreviation is Agreement between the Parties to the North Atlantic Treaty regarding the Status of their Forces , or NATO Status of Forces Agreement - NATO SOFA . Besides military legal issues, it also includes the operating licenses for Soldatensender American Forces Network (AFN), British Forces Broadcasting Service (BFBS) and Canadian Forces Network (CFN).
On December 12, 1956, the Protected Areas Act - long title: Act on the Restriction of Real Estate for Military Defense - came into force. It makes regulations for areas that are also used for defense purposes by armed forces of foreign states in the federal territory .
On August 3, 1959, the supplementary agreement to the NATO troop statute was added to the agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty on the legal status of their troops with regard to the foreign troops stationed in the Federal Republic of Germany (then West Germany ) (ZA-NTS or NATO-ZAbk , also: NATOTrStatZAbk or NATO-TrStat-ZAbk ; English NATO SOFA Supplementary Agreement - NATO SOFA SA ) concluded on August 3, 1959 ( Federal Law Gazette 1961 II p. 1183, 1218), which contains more detailed regulations on all questions relating to the stationing of foreign armed forces. The access of foreign armed forces to and residence in German territory is based on special legal bases. A basic distinction is made between the “right to stay”, the legal basis for troop stationing, and the “right to stay”.
After German reunification in 1990, the supplementary agreement was comprehensively changed by an agreement of March 18, 1993 (mainly restrictions for foreign troops in Germany), which came into force on March 29, 1998.
- Agreement between the parties to the North Atlantic Treaty on the status of their troops ( NATO troop statute )
- Official text , NATO website
- Act on NATO troop statute and supplementary agreements (PDF)
- Information from the Federal Foreign Office on the right to station troops