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Ethnic groups in Eurasia before the conquests of Chinggis Khan , 13th century

The Naimans (also: Naiman Turks or Naiman Mongols ( Mongolian Найман / Naiman "eight")) was the Mongolian name of a medieval ethnic group that lived in the steppe of Central Asia. They maintained diplomatic relations with the Kara Kitai and were temporarily subject to them. The Naimans are most commonly classified as Turkic people , but some sources also classify them as Mongols . Like the Keraites , many of them were Nestorian Christians.

More than 400,000 of the inhabitants of Kazakhstan are from the Naimans (such as the Middle Horde ), especially in the east of the country. Some of the Naimans mixed with the Kyrgyz and Uzbeks .

In Afghanistan , a small group of Hazara also descended from the Naimans. They live as Sunnis in a village called Naiman.


At the time the Naimans were conquered by Genghis Khan , most of them were Nestorian Christians. They belonged to the second wave of Christians who immigrated to China with Kublai Khan .

See also


  1. Steven Runciman: A History of the Crusades ( English ). Cambridge University Press , 1987, ISBN 978-0-5213-4770-9 (Retrieved May 1, 2008).
  2. ^ Edward Gibbon: The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ( English ). Methuen Publishing , 1920 (Retrieved May 1, 2008).
  3. A Country Study: Mongolia, Early Wars in China ( English ) The Library of Congress. 2005. Retrieved May 1, 2008.
  4. Ratchnevsky, Paul: Genghis Khan: His Life and Legacy 2000, pp 1-4.
  5. ^ Hans Robert Roemer, Scharlipp, Wolfgang-Ekkehard: History of the Turkic Peoples in the Pre-Islamic Period ( English ). Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 2000, ISBN 3879972834 (accessed May 1, 2008).
  6. ^ William Darrach Halsey, Friedman, Emanuel: Collier's Encyclopedia: With Bibliography and Index ( English ). PF Collier, 1984 (Retrieved May 1, 2008).
  7. ^ A b Marie Antoinette Czaplicka: The Turks of Central Asia in History and at the Present Day ( English ). Adamant Media Corporation, 2001, ISBN 978-1402163326 .
  8. ^ Cary-Elwes Columba: China and the Cross . PJ Kenedy and Sons, New York, 1956, p. 37.