A national bibliography is a bibliography that lists literature from a nationally defined area. This can be a state, but also a language area.
National bibliographies are generally general bibliographies designed to be complete, i.e. they list publications from all thematic areas. Often they also contain literature that appears outside of the listed area but is related to it.
National bibliographies are mostly created by a national library, usually on the basis of legal deposit rights . They sometimes appear in several accumulation levels: weekly, monthly or quarterly issues are accumulated to form annual or multi-annual volumes. For some years now, many national bibliographies have also been accessible as online databases.
National bibliographies of German-speaking countries:
In addition to the current listing of current publications, there are also retrospective national bibliographies that are created for a certain period of time. Examples are for the German-speaking area:
- Complete catalog of the Wiegendrucke (GW) for the years 1454–1500
- VD 16 (1501–1600)
- German Baroque prints (1600-1720)
- VD 17 (1601–1700)
- Complete directory of German-language literature (GV 1700–1910; GV 1911–1965)
- VD 18 (1701–1800)
- Barbara L. Bell: An annotated guide to national bibliographies , 2nd ed., Saur, Munich 1998, ISBN 3-598-11376-5 .
- Friedrich Domay: Bibliography of the national bibliographies , Hiersemann, Stuttgart 1987 (Hiersemanns bibliographical handbooks, Vol. 6), ISBN 3-7772-8709-1 .
- Maja Žumer: National bibliographies in the digital age. Guidance and new directions , Saur, Munich 2009, ISBN 978-3-598-24287-8 .
- Guidelines for National Bibliographies in the Electronic Age (PDF 511 kB, 114 pages), IFLA
- Best Practice for National Bibliographic Agencies in a Digital Age , IFLA