The first printed newsletters are called Newe Zeytung (or Neue Zeitung) . The newspapers that were already published, such as the Fuggerzeitung, were still handwritten news collections. The “New Newspapers”, on the other hand, are regarded as the forerunners of the modern newspaper . “New newspapers” is the collective term for written and then printed news and reports.
“ Newe Zeytung vom orient und auff gange ”, so the headline of an article that in 1502 first used the term “newspaper” for a printed news paper. This first newspaper reported that the French had captured the island of Lesbos. The “New Newspapers” were usually thematically limited, news papers of 1 to 20 pages in length, published as required and for special occasions.
They reported on current events or summarized the political, cultural and social events of the last time. Preferred sensational news were published. They appeared regularly, so even then they had a certain periodicity and topicality .
The “New Newspapers” existed around the beginning of the 18th century, and the number of titles between 1500 and 1700 is estimated at 5000 to 8000.
One of the oldest printed German “New Newspapers” is the pamphlet “ Copia der Newen Zeitung aus Presillg Land ” (= Brazil country). It is one of the so-called "discovery newspapers".
One of the earliest newspaper publishers in Germany was Christoph von Scheurl . He was a lawyer and politician in Nuremberg and collected information and news that he summarized in a "Neue Zeitung" and sold to noblemen and merchants. From 1512 to 1537 he first wrote them by hand and then printed them, so that they could be distributed more widely.
The term “newspaper” appeared as “ zidunge ” with the meaning “customer” or “message” in the Cologne area as early as the beginning of the 14th century.
- Newe Zeitung , 1521. According to copies in the Kgl. Königsberg archive first published by Friedrich Adolf Meckelburg . In: New Prussian Provincial Papers . Volume 3, Königsberg 1863, pp. 134-152.
- Wonderful and terrifying newe newspaper , 1538 ( E-copy ).
- Copia of the Newen Zeytung auß Presillg Land , Nuremberg, approx. 1515 ( Munich BSB rar. 613-1 ).
- Karl Schottenloher: leaflet and newspaper. A guide through the printed daily literature, Volume 1: From the beginnings to 1848, Berlin, Schmidt 1922. Newly edited, introduced and supplemented by J. Binkowski, Munich, Klinkhardt and Biermann 1985, ISBN 3-781-40228-2
- Stöber, Rudolf: German press history. UVK publishing company. Constance 2005. ISBN 3825227162
- Digitized pamphlets from the Augsburg University Library
- Copia of the Newen Zeytung auß Presillg Landt , edition of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek on google books