History of the house
The building was built between 1607 and 1610 by the Italian master builder Francesco Silva as a suburban palace and farm yard of the Kremsmünster monastery. From 1673 to 1675 the building was expanded and partially redesigned. Remains of frescoes from the time before the renovation can be viewed in the ballroom.
The house was owned by the Jesuits from 1708 to 1786 and was used as a Konvikt for students from Scandinavia (hence the name "Nordico"). The Protestant pupils from Sweden, Denmark and Norway were to be raised Catholics in order to later serve as missionaries in their Nordic homeland. After no volunteers were found for this Christian mission, the soldiers' children of the wandering armies were bought and their maintenance was financed through interest from the archbishop's donation.
The Collegium had the Bethlehem Church built instead of a stable (Dametzstrasse is now located here). This was modeled on the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem, and an underground passage connected the church and the main building. The church and the connecting tract were demolished by the city of Linz in 1962, and the Nordico main building was cut around a window axis in the course of widening Bethlehemstrasse.
In 1773 Joseph II dissolved the order. The boarding school was closed and apartments were built for the population instead. Franz Stelzhamer (1845) lived in this house . Elisabeth Jung, the mother of Marianne Willemer , Goethe's last lover , also lived here, where she died of old age on July 19, 1844. The Upper Austrian Art Association has been housed in the building since 1851 . One of the founding members was Adalbert Stifter.
The house was acquired by the city of Linz in 1911. After the First World War, it was decided to use the building as a museum in the future, until then, until the 1930s. The foundation stone for the museum was laid by purchasing the Anton Pachinger collection .
From 1959 to 1973 the general renovation and expansion to the city museum took place in stages. The first exhibition of Linzer Stuccoers took place in 1973 , the reconstruction of the stucco ceilings and the reassembly of fragments of the ceiling painting formed the occasion.
From October 2007 the city museum underwent another general renovation, during this time no exhibitions took place. On May 18, 2008, the Nordico reopened with an open house. The “Door to Door” exhibition with artists from the Egon Hofmann Atelierhaus was on view at the reopening.
The facade in light blue is in the style of the 18th century and the new lettering indicates the museum from afar. There are now around 700 m² of exhibition space available. There are also plans to run an exhibition café. This area used to be the refectory, the dining room of the college.
The shape of the stately, four-storey building block with a rectangular floor plan originates mainly from the expansion around 1675. The top floor was only added in 1721, is lower and has transverse rectangular unsuspected windows. The symmetrical conception is disturbed because the building was shortened by one axis in 1962 for traffic reasons in the south. The main granite portal was built after 1710. Above it is a plastic coat of arms ornament with hip images of the three Nordic St. Kings Erik , Olav and Knut and three palm leaves.
The redesign of the forecourt is causing discussions, as it is viewed by many as a “concrete desert” and, by many, with the atmosphere of an “Italian suburban palace”. The original plans for the redesign by the Linz architect August Kürmayr provided for intensive planting of the square and a demarcation from the street. After the renovation, the square has an effect of openness and its paving, with little green to see. The square is now barrier-free, due to the redesign there is now the option of a bar for the planned café.
Exhibitions and subject areas
In the Nordico Museum you will find archaeological , art and cultural-historical exhibits that document the development of the region , especially the city of Linz. Several exhibitions on various topics take place every year. The Nordico is managed by Andrea Bina (as of 2016).
- Peter Kraft : 10 years at Nordico. In: Stadtmuseum Linz (ed.), Georg Wacha (editor): Linz active. 89th episode, special edition, Linz 1983.
- NORDICO City Museum Linz. In: stadtgeschichte.linz.at. Retrieved May 21, 2020 .
- Gustav Gugitz: Marianne Willemer. Corrections to her life story and her relationship to Linz. In: Upper Austrian homeland sheets . Year 13, Linz 1959, p. 283 ( PDF on ZOBODAT ).
- Peter Kraft , in: Web presence of Regiowiki.at