Nzema East District
|Nzema East District|
|District Chief Executive||Joshua Kwagya Ahimah|
|Population density||70 Ew. / km²|
The Nzema East District is a district in the Western Region in Ghana, West Africa . The district is located on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea in the extreme southwest of the country, separated from the border with Ivory Coast by only a few kilometers and the neighboring district of Jomoro . The district's largest river is the Ankobra , and the area is one of the rainiest in Ghana.
The population consists of five different ethnic groups, of which the Nzema are the most important, but Twi and Fante are also spoken. Around 75% live (according to Ghanaian standards) in rural areas, around 25% in urban areas.
There are 154 kilometers of highways within the district, 62 kilometers of which are paved and are part of the Trans-West African Highway . In Axim , the district capital, there is the possibility to make international calls by direct dialing. Radiotelephones are available in Nkroful and Aiyinase . 16 municipalities are connected to the electricity network, in Axim, Esiama, Aiyinase and Nkroful there is pipe-bound running water. The district has 110 primary schools, 48 junior secondary schools (approximately for ages 12-15), a technical institute, four senior secondary schools (approximately for ages 15-18) and a vocational institute for women.
The tourist attractions include the beaches of the district with Fort St. Antony, one of the oldest fortifications in Ghana, which was built by the Portuguese around 1500 and with Nkroful the birthplace of Kwame Nkrumah , the founding president of Ghana.
Most of the residents are farmers; the main crops are coconuts , cocoa , rubber and sugar cane . There are also cassava , maize , rice , yams and plantain ( cooking banana ). Some of the coconuts are processed into coconut oil in the district and transported to the major cities of the country. The waste products from this processing are used as inexpensive feed for widespread pig farming. Keeping chickens is also an economic factor. Fishing is of great importance. Mackerel , sardines , herrings and tuna are caught. The mineral raw materials include kaolin , silicon , manganese , granite and gold , which are mined by smaller mining companies.