The Kuban Oblast ( Кубанская область ) was an administrative unit of the Russian Empire in the Ciscaucasian area of the General Government of the Caucasus . It bordered the Don region to the north, the Stavropol governorate and the Terek oblast to the east, the Kutais governorate to the south and the Black Sea governorate and the Black Sea, which split off in 1896 , to the south- west . It was founded in 1860 and existed until the reorganization of the Caucasus areas after the civil war . The capital was Jekaterinodar , today's Krasnodar.
According to today's terms, it roughly encompassed the republics of Adygeja and Karachay-Cherkessia and the Krasnodar region . It was named after the Kuban River and roughly corresponded geographically to the Kuban area .
At the time of the first Russian census in 1897, the Kuban Oblast comprised 94,376 km² (of which 1,948.5 km² was water) and had a population of 1,918,881 (approx. 20 / km²).
The area was divided into the following departments ( Otdel ):
- Batalpaschinsk (today Cherkessk )
- Caucasus (capital Tikhorezk )
- Laba (capital Armavir )
After the 1897 census , the population of 908,818 Ukrainians, 816,734 consisted Russians (including the Kuban Cossacks ) also made 38,488 Circassians , 26,877 Karachay , 20,778 Germans , 20,137 Greeks , 14,340 Kabardians , 13,926 Armenians and 12,481 Abkhazians . According to this census, the majority of the population was Russian Orthodox , with the Cossacks being under their own eparchy , there were also 54,790 non-Orthodox Christians , 23,195 Raskolniki , 103,313 Mohammedans , 4,796 Israelites and 327 pagans .
- Census of 1897 (language groups of the oblast) (Russian)
- 1897 census (administrative districts of the oblast) (russ.)