Pavlův Studenec (German Paulusbrunn ) is a former village on the border between the Czech Republic and Germany. The area directly on the border belongs to the municipality of Obora in Okres Tachov . The Upper Palatinate town of Bärnau is on the German side .
The place name is traced back to the designation "village near the well of Paul"; this well in the border area was attested as early as 1548.
In 1618, a forester's house belonging to the Tachau rulership in the area of the village that was later created was mentioned in old documents. The village originated in the 18th century and in 1713 consisted of 13 properties, mainly from settlers from Bärnau.
The parish Paulusbrunn was founded in 1788, previously the residents belonged to the parish Schönwald. The Church of the Elevation of the Cross was built in 1838.
After the abolition of patrimonial Paulusbrunn formed with the districts Vorder-Paulusbrunn, Hinter-Paulusbrunn, Baderwinkel ( Větrov ), Franzhäuser ( Francovy Domky ), Hermannsreith ( Hraničná ), Inselthal ( Ostrůvek ), Wittichsthal ( Pomezná ), Goldbach ( Zlatý ), Schanzhäuser ( Na Šancích ) and Neuwindischgrätz ( Skláře ) a municipality in the judicial district of Tachau and Pilsener Kreis. Since 1868 Paulusbrunn has belonged to the Tachau district . The 1921 census showed 218 houses with 1411 inhabitants, including some Czechs, in 1930 1451 inhabitants. The parish of Paulusbrunn in 1938 included the places Paulusbrunn with parts of Vorder-Paulusbrunn and Hinter-Paulusbrunn, Baderwinkel, Hermannsreith, Wittichsthal, Paulushütte, as well as parts of Galtenhof and Thiergarten with around 1500 Catholic parishioners. In 1939, 1530 people lived in the municipality in the Tachau district .
After the Munich Agreement , the place was added to the German Empire and until 1945 belonged to the Tachau district . Until 1945 Paulusbrunn was predominantly inhabited by the German population. After the Second World War, the German population was expelled and the place was cleared and torn down in the 1950s when the iron curtain was built. The church was preserved as a ruin, with the church tower being converted into a watchtower for the border guards.
The Pavlův Studenec - Bärnau border crossing has been open since 1991. The new customs house, the Němeček keeper's house and the abandoned barracks of a gang of Pohraniční stráž in the forest between Zlatý Potok and Pavlová Huť are the only buildings in the Pavlův Studenec area today.
To this day, the course of the Golden Street can also be followed in the former local area. Coming from the city of Bärnau (in Bavaria) the route runs from the German-Czech border via Vorder-Paulusbrunn and then on to Obora, past the Lučina dam , via Milíře (at the Brandner Hegerhaus ), via Mýto (Mauthdorf) to the former castle of the Princes from Windisch-Grätz to Tachov (Tachau).
The area of the former municipality Pavlův Studenec is now divided into three cadastral districts: Pavlův Studenec 1 ( Inselthal ) - consisting of Skláře , Zlatý Potok and Ostrůvek - with 2671.1916 hectares belongs to the municipality Lesná , Pavlův Studenec 2 ( Paulusbrunn ) - consisting of Pomezná and Pavlův Studenec - with 266.8628 ha to the municipality Obora and Pavlův Studenec 3 ( Hermannsreith ) - consisting of Hraničná and Větrov - with 116.3186 ha to the municipality Halže . Pavlův Studenec 2 forms a basic settlement unit of the Obora district of the Obora municipality; Pavlův Studenec 3 is a basic settlement unit in the Branka district of the Halže municipality.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Tachau district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Zdeněk Procházka : Tachovsko = Tachau district. Nakladatelství Českého Lesa, Domažlice 1994, ISBN 80-901122-2-6 , ( Český les. Historicko-turistický průvodce = historical-tourist guide 2).