Pereskia grandifolia

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pereskia grandifolia
Pereskia grandifolia flowers

Pereskia grandifolia

Nuclear eudicotyledons
Order : Clove-like (Caryophyllales)
Family : Cactus family (Cactaceae)
Subfamily : Pereskioideae
Genre : Pereskia
Type : Pereskia grandifolia
Scientific name
Pereskia grandifolia
Areoles and thorns

Pereskia grandifolia is a species of plant in the genus Pereskia from the cactus family(Cactaceae). The specific epithet grandifolia means 'large-leaved'. Portuguese common names are "Guamacho Morado", "Ora Pro Nobis", "Quiabento" and "Sabonete".


Pereskia grandifolia grows shrubby or tree-shaped with upright or overhanging branches and reaches heights of 2 to 5 meters. Grayish-brown, rough trunks with a diameter of up to 20 centimeters are formed. The elliptical to obovate or lanceolate leaves are petiolate and of different sizes. The leaf blade is 9 to 23 inches long, 4 to 6 inches wide and 0.5 to 1.2 inches thick. The leaflet- shaped leaf veins have 7 to 13 side branches. The middle rib protrudes from the underside. Up to 8 thorns arise on thin branches  from an areole , which can also be missing. They stand in bundles or are spread out. On older branches and on the trunk there may be 25 to 90 thorns per areole, which can be 2 to 6.5 centimeters long.

The pink, light pink or more or less purple flowers are in terminal or lateral inflorescences of 10 to 15 (rarely up to 30) individual flowers. Your flower stalk is up to 3 inches long. They reach a diameter of 3 to 5 centimeters. The flower base is top-shaped and has edges or furrows and raised bumps. The pear-shaped to top-shaped fruits are usually grouped together. They are 5 to 10 centimeters long and 3 to 7 centimeters in diameter. When ripe they are green to yellow.

Distribution, systematics and endangerment

Pereskia grandifolia is common in Brazil . It was first described in 1819 by Adrian Hardy Haworth .

The following subspecies are distinguished:

  • Pereskia grandifolia subsp. grandifolia
  • Pereskia grandifolia subsp. violacea

Pereskia grandifolia is in the endangered Red List species the IUCN as " Least Concern (LC) ", d. H. classified not endangered.



Individual evidence

  1. Supplementum Plantarum Succulentarum: Sistens Plantas Novas Vel Nuper Introductas Sive Omissas In: Synopsis Plantarum Succulentarum Cum Observationibus Variis Anglicanis . London 1819, p. 85 (online) .
  2. Pereskia grandifolia in the endangered Red List species the IUCN 2013 Posted by: Taylor, NP, Zappi, D., Machao, M. & Brown, P., 2013. Accessed October 14, 2015.

Web links

Commons : Pereskia grandifolia  - collection of images, videos and audio files