Peter Musiolek

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Peter Musiolek (born May 21, 1927 in Aussig ; † November 28, 1991 in Berlin ) was a German ancient historian .


Peter Musiolek began studying chemistry at the textile engineering school in Cottbus after the end of the war and a short American prisoner of war . On June 23, 1950, he was arrested by the MGB on charges of espionage and then sentenced to 15 years in a camp. On December 19, 1950, the daily newspaper of the GDR, Das Neues Deutschland, reported on the conviction of a certain Peter Musiolek as a spy. At the beginning of 1951 he was taken to the Vorkuta labor camp via Brest , Moscow and Vologda . He remained in the area of ​​shaft 29 in Vorkuta , ASSR of the Komi, north of the Arctic Circle until 1955. In 1955 he was released from prison after he had previously been transferred to a German prisoner-of-war camp near Sverdlovsk in early 1955 . There he was later made a German prisoner of war and was released as such after Konrad Adenauer 's visit to Moscow in the same year.

From 1956 to 1960 he studied history at the Humboldt University in Berlin and, specifically, ancient history with Elisabeth Charlotte Welskopf, and then offered courses on the history of antiquity. In 1972 he received his doctorate with a thesis on the subject of problems and tendencies in commodity production in the Athenian Polis at the end of the 5th and beginning of the 4th century BC and the reactions of contemporaries . Evaluators were Elisabeth Charlotte Welskopf, Wolfgang Jonas and Heinz Kreißig . After the 3rd Socialist University Reform in 1969, Peter Musiolek worked in research at the Academy of Sciences of the GDR . In February 1988 Peter Musiolek was appointed honorary lecturer for ancient history in the history section of the Humboldt University . He dealt primarily with the history of the city of Athens as well as with the Greek and Roman social and economic history. In 1990 he was elected deputy director of the Institute for Economic History and was proposed in 1991 by the Independent Association of Historians for the structure and appointment committee for history of the Berlin Senate and the Humboldt University. He accepted this suggestion and did everything in his power to regain international recognition for classical studies at the Humboldt University, but Musiolek died in Berlin that same year.


  • Editor: Studies on the Athenian social structure and Roman economic policy in Asia Minor. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1977 ( Yearbook for Economic History , special volume)
  • with Wolfgang Schindler : Classical Athens. Koehler and Amelang, Leipzig 1980
  • Editor: Studies on Roman Urban Development in Italy and Thrace. Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1983 (Yearbook for Economic History, special volume)
  • with Detlef Rößler : City of Athena. Children's book publisher, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-358-01350-2 .


  • Lothar Mertens : Lexicon of the GDR historians. Biographies and bibliographies on the historians from the German Democratic Republic. Saur, Munich 2006, ISBN 3-598-11673-X , p. 447.
  • Isolde Stark : Obituary for Peter Musiolek. In: Bernd Florath (ed.): Secret services and political police in modern society. Christoph Links Verlag, Berlin 1992, ISBN 3-86153-039-2 , pp. 13-16 online at
  • Wilhelm KH Schmidt : Conspiracy. Betray. Tracked. Inadequacy, Resistance and Collaboration in the Stalin Era of Berlin-Brandenburg . Verlag BücherKammer, Herzberg 2011, ISBN 978-3-940635-28-0 , pp. 114-118.
  • Wilhelm KH Schmidt: "He showed spirit and objectivity". Contribution to the 20th anniversary of the death of the scientist and university professor Peter Musiolek . In: HUMBOLDT. The newspaper of the Alma Mater Berolinensis , issue 2-2011 / 2012, p. 7
  • Wilhelm KH Schmidt: Vorkuta - the "second university". For the 85th birthday of ancient historian Peter Musiolek . In: Internet portal Germany Archive Online , issue 4/2012