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Воркута ( Russian )
Вӧркута ( Komi )
flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
republic Komi
Urban district Vorkuta
mayor Anatoly Puro
Founded 1931
City since 1943
surface 29.73  km²
population 70,548 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2373 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 180  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 82151
Post Code 1699xx
License Plate 11, 111
OKATO 87 410
Website http://www.vorcuta.ru/
Geographical location
Coordinates 67 ° 30 '  N , 64 ° 2'  E Coordinates: 67 ° 30 '0 "  N , 64 ° 2' 0"  E
Vorkuta (Russia)
Red pog.svg
Situation in Russia
Vorkuta (Komi Republic)
Red pog.svg
Location in the Komi Republic
List of cities in Russia

Vorkuta ( Russian Воркута́ ; Komi Вӧркута Wörkuta , scientific transliteration Vörkuta ) is a city north of the Arctic Circle in the European part of Russia . It has 70,548 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city is located in the Komi republic at the northern end of the Urals Mountains on the Vorkuta River of the same name . The Pai-Choi Mountains , the northwest continuation of the Ural Mountains , extend northeast of Vorkuta .


The Vorkuta labor camp for political prisoners existed from May 10, 1938 until at least 1960. At the same time, up to 73,000 people were imprisoned, including prisoners of war and political prisoners from Germany , thousands of whom were killed. The prisoners were deployed in coal mining and mining.

The city was connected to the Pechora Railway in 1941 ; this connection had been established by prisoners of the camp. On November 26, 1943, Vorkuta was granted city rights. It played an important role as a center for labor camps in the Gulag . In the summer of 1953, shortly after Stalin's death, there was an uprising in Vorkuta among the camp inmates , which, after brief successes, was bloodily suppressed. As a result of the events, however, the Soviet leadership felt compelled to grant amnesty first to the criminals and later to some of the political prisoners. It was Adenauer's credit that after his visit to Moscow in 1955, the last German prisoners of war and political prisoners from the early days of the GDR were released in Vorkuta. During the time of the labor camp, a total of almost two million prisoners were deported to Vorkuta and forced to work.

Population development

year Residents
1959 55,668
1970 89,742
1979 100.210
1989 115,646
2002 84,917
2010 70,548

Note: census data

sons and daughters of the town

Traditional holidays

  • Day of the reindeer herder
  • Spring Festival of the North


Web links

Commons : Vorkuta  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Vorkuta-Petschora-ITL in the GULAG Internet portal of Memorial Deutschland e. V.
  3. Дегтярёв Григорий Григорьевич , infosport.ru (Russian)
  4. Иваненко Анастасия Викторовна , infosport.ru (Russian)