Quintus Sertorius

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Quintus Sertorius (* 123 BC probably in Nursia ; † 72 BC ) was a Roman politician and general .

He came from a knightly family from Nursia in the land of the Sabines and took part as an officer in various battles, for example against the Cimbri and Teutons under Quintus Servilius Caepio and Gaius Marius . 97 BC He distinguished himself as a military tribune in Spain and 91 BC. As quaestor in the alliance war . When Sulla thwarted his application as tribune , Sertorius became a follower of Marius in his dispute with Sulla.

During the rule of the Populares in Rome, Sertorius was 83 BC. BC as praetor governor of one of the Spanish provinces. Shortly afterwards there was a change of power in Italy and Sulla took over power. Sertorius was then temporarily driven by Gaius Annius Luscus , whom Sulla had sent against him, to Mauritania , where he successfully intervened in the controversy for the throne until the Lusitanians made him their leader. Sertorius returned to the Iberian Peninsula and was able to build up a rule in Spain independent of Rome for several years, which he initially successfully defended against Quintus Caecilius Metellus Pius , whom Sulla 79 BC. Had sent to the other side of Spain. His quaestor Lucius Hirtuleius fought just as successfully in this side of Spain .

77 BC The fugitive Marcus Perperna joined Sertorius with many Romans, who now established a counter-senate of 300 Romans and also relied on the local population, who allegedly saw a white doe as a sign that Sertorius was in contact with the gods. In heavy battles he fought against generals sent from Rome, especially Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus , who died in 76 BC. Came to Spain with 30,000 men.

Sertorius closed in 74 BC An alliance with Mithridates of Pontus . He was born in 72 BC. BC by a conspiracy headed by Perperna, stabbed to death at a banquet. His death meant the fall of this "Sonderreich"; Perperna as the new leader was shortly afterwards defeated and executed by Pompey.



  • Karl Christ : Crisis and Fall of the Roman Republic. 5th, unchanged edition. Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 2007, ISBN 978-3-534-20041-2 , pp. 233-240.
  • Christoph F. Konrad: Plutarch's Sertorius. A historical commentary. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill NC et al. 1994, ISBN 0-8078-2139-X .
  • Karl Guido Rijkhoek: Studies on Sertorius. 123-83 BC Chr. (= Habelt's dissertation prints. Alte Geschichte series. 32). Habelt, Bonn 1992, ISBN 3-7749-2551-8 (at the same time: Bonn, Universität, Dissertation, 1989).

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