Mätzig, son of a weaver and forest worker, worked as a metal worker himself. In 1914 he joined the SPD. In the First World War he fought as a soldier at the front from 1916. In November 1918 he was a member of the soldiers' council in Verdun . In 1919 Mätzig returned to Germany and became a member of the military border guards.
From 1920 he was active again as a worker and also acted as a works council. In 1920 he joined the KPD, but left the party the following year because of political differences. In 1924 he rejoined the KPD and in 1925 became a member of the KPD sub-district leadership in Zittau. In 1930 he was elected to the Saxon state parliament, to which he was a member until 1933. From 1932 Mätzig was a full-time employee for mass organizations of the KPD district leadership in Saxony, most recently secretary of the KPD sub-district Bautzen .
After the National Socialists "seized power " in 1933, Mätzig initially worked illegally for the KPD in the Dresden area . He later fled to Czechoslovakia and was head of the KPD border section Teplitz-Schönau from 1935 to 1938 . In 1937 he was expatriated (list 23). In March 1939 he emigrated to Great Britain via Poland . There he found employment as a gardener and caretaker. In 1940 he was interned in Liverpool , then on the Isle of Man , and finally brought to Australia . In the autumn of 1941 Mätzig returned to Great Britain. From 1942 to 1948 he worked as a locksmith in a chemical company and was a member of the Trade Unions.
In May 1948 Mätzig returned to Germany, to the Soviet Zone . In 1948 he became second secretary of the SED Grossenhain . From 1952 to 1965 he was deputy chairman of the Riesa district council and district building director. Mätzig was also a member of the district council and chairman of the permanent construction commission of the district council.
- Patriotic Order of Merit in bronze (1963), silver (1970) and gold (1975).
- Martin Schumacher (Hrsg.): MdL The end of the parliaments in 1933 and the members of the state parliaments and citizenships of the Weimar Republic in the time of National Socialism. Political persecution, emigration and expatriation 1933–1945 . Droste, Düsseldorf 1995, ISBN 3-7700-5189-0 , p. 101.
- Mätzig, Reinhard . In: Hermann Weber , Andreas Herbst (ed.): German communists. Biographical Handbook 1918 to 1945 . 2nd revised and greatly expanded edition. Karl Dietz Verlag, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-320-02130-6 .
- New Germany , October 6, 1963, p. 8.
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Matzig, Reinhard Edwin|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician (KPD), MdL Saxony|
|DATE OF BIRTH||July 2, 1895|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Lichtenberg|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 9, 1980|