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Remonte ( French for replacement horse ) is a term used in classical riding and cavalry training for a horse that is still in its basic training . A further distinction is made between a young remonte in the first year of training, which begins with lunging and getting used to the rider's weight and includes straight riding and circuit riding in all three basic gaits, and an old remonte in the second and possibly third year of training, with the training being the easier Elements of the campagne school .

In the military field (Germany, especially the 19th and beginning of the 20th century), Remonten meant three- and four-year-old horses. They were needed for the horses that were retired every year, e.g. B. Around 1900, with the imperial army consisting of 98,000 horses, 11,000 horses were retired. The Prussian military bought them mainly in East and West Prussia , the largest closed horse breeding area in the world until 1945. B. the main stud Trakehnen was; a smaller part came from stud farms near Hanover and in northern Germany, e.g. B. from the Hunnesrück stud . The Bavarian , Saxon and Württemberg armies obtained their remonts mainly from their own country. Most of them were warm-blooded like East Prussian Trakehner , the others were cold-blooded . The four-year-olds usually came straight into the troupe. The three-year-olds were housed in a Remonte depot for a year. Prussia had over 20 depots, Saxony four. Here anatomy and the horse's psyche matured with firm daily movement in all gaits, although there was no riding yet. The animals got used to barracks and military environments such as gunfire, kettledrums and flags. After that they had nine years ahead of them as draft horses in the artillery and in the transport service ( train ), and ten years as riding horses in the mounted troops and staffs. In the first year of training they were still considered to be remonts.

The purchase of horses for the former Austro-Hungarian army was carried out by the so-called Remonte Commission and was referred to as notification .


  • A. Hippophil: The Remonte Depots . In: Prussian provincial sheets . Volume 17, Koenigsberg 1837, pp. 336-346 ( online ).
  • Remonte , encyclopedia entry in: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition, 16th volume, Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig and Vienna 1908, p. 794 ( ).

Web links

Wiktionary: Remonte  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Words and Customs in the German Army, Transfeldt - v. Brand - Quenstedt, 6th increased edition, Hamburg 11 HG Schulz 1967, p. 3