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A revolt is understood to be an uprising, an uprising or an uprising by people.


In contrast to the revolution , the term revolt mostly stands for the rebellion of a smaller group of people with local limitations. Typical examples are prisoner , slave, peasant, army or worker revolts, the term being used here synonymously with uprising . A revolt by troops or ship crews as well as prisoners is referred to as mutiny in legal language .

A revolution, on the other hand, is an insurrection of far greater scope; B. the French Revolution of 1789, which led to an upheaval in the whole of France and also affected neighboring countries. One often speaks of revolts when an attempt at revolution has failed. However, sometimes failed revolutions are referred to as revolution, such as the March Revolution of 1848/49.

Revolt can also be understood in a more individual sense. The term then means the rebellion of an individual against externally imposed or internalized constraints and expectations, for example against the family or the social norms of society.


“In general, revolts only know failure, otherwise they would be revolutions. The failed revolt, however, intervenes in history, it sets signs that partly disappear only to reappear later, they change the world. "

Traditional dialogue between the Duke of Liancourt and King Louis XVI; Liancourt conveyed the news that the Bastille had been captured by the insurgent Parisians :

Liancourt: Sire, ils ont pris la Bastille!
King: C'est une révolte?
Liancourt: Non, Sire, c'est une révolution!



  • Jean Améry : About aging. Revolt and resignation (= Cotta's library of modernity. Vol. 62). 6th edition. Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-608-95494-5 .
  • Clive Bloom: Violent London. 2000 years of riots, rebels and revolts. Sidgwick & Jackson, London et al. 2003, ISBN 0-283-07310-1 .
  • The big break. Revolte 81 (= Kursbuch (magazine) | Kursbuch. 65). Rowohlt Berlin, Berlin 1981.
  • Paul Burgard: Diary of a Revolt. An urban uprising during the Peasants' War in 1525 (= historical studies. Vol. 20). Campus-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main et al. 1998, ISBN 3-593-35850-6 (also: Saarbrücken, University, dissertation, 1996).
  • Fritz Brupbacher : Michael Bakunin. The Satan of Revolt. Neuer Deutscher Verlag, Zurich 1929 (reprint: Libertad-Verlag, Berlin 1979, ISBN 3-922226-00-0 ).
  • Albert Camus : The Man in Revolt. Essays. Rowohlt, Hamburg 1953.
  • Claude Dufresne: Les révoltes de Paris. 1358-1968. Bartillat, Paris 1998, ISBN 2-84100-130-X .
  • Werner Giesselmann: "The mania of revolt". Protest under the French July monarchy (1830–1848) (= Ancien Régime, Enlightenment and Revolution. Vol. 25). Oldenbourg, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-486-55955-9 (also: Heidelberg, Universität, habilitation paper, 1984).
  • Paul A. Gilje: Rioting in America. Indiana University Press, Bloomington IN 1996, ISBN 0-253-32988-4 .
  • Ursula Günther: The woman in revolt. Fatima Mernissi's feminist social criticism (= messages from the German Orient Institute in the network of the German Overseas Institute Foundation. 46). German Orient Institute, Hamburg 1993, ISBN 3-89173-031-4 (At the same time: Hamburg, University, Master's thesis, 1993).
  • Eric J. Hobsbawm : Revolution and Revolt. Essays on Communism, Anarchism and Revolution in the 20th Century. Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt am Main 1977, ISBN 3-518-07433-4 .
  • Christina von Hodenberg : revolt of the weavers. The revolt of 1844 and its rise to myth (= Dietz-Taschenbuch. 73). Dietz, Bonn 1997, ISBN 3-8012-3073-2 .
  • Johann Mader: Philosophy in Revolt. The end of idealism in the 19th century. WUV-Universität-Verlag, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-85114-100-8 .
  • Ahlrich Meyer : The logic of revolts. Studies in social history 1789–1848. VLA et al., Hamburg et al. 1999, ISBN 3-924737-42-8 .
  • Martin Raether: The "Acte gratuit", revolt and literature. Hegel, Dostojewskij, Nietzsche, Gide, Sartre, Camus, Beckett (= Studia Romanica. H. 37). Winter, Heidelberg 1980, ISBN 3-533-02922-0 (At the same time: Heidelberg, Universität, Habilitation-Schrift, 1980; detailed summary by the author here , especially Dostojewski).
  • Catherine Salles: Spartacus et la revolte des Gladiateurs (= Mémoire des Siècles. 217). Éditions Complexe, Brussels 1990, ISBN 2-87027-354-1 .
  • Hilde Schmölzer : Revolt of women: portraits from 200 years of emancipation . Vienna: Ueberreuter, 1999.
  • Jean-François Steiner: Treblinka. The revolt of an extermination camp. Preface by Simone de Beauvoir . Stalling, Oldenburg et al. 1966.
  • Sub-realistic movement: the emperor's new clothes. About the oriental revolution. Edition Nautilus, Hamburg 1979, ISBN 3-921523-48-6 .


Web links

Wiktionary: Revolte  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Johannes Agnoli : Collected writings. Volume 5: 1968 and the consequences. Ça ira, Freiburg (Breisgau) 1998, ISBN 3-924627-59-2 ( preliminary remark in part polemical intent ( memento of January 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive )).
  2. Guy Chaussinand-Nogaret: 1789, la Bastille est prize. la révolution française commence (= La Mémoire du Siècle. 207). Éditions Complexe, Brussels 1988, ISBN 2-87027-249-9 , p. 102.