Richard Schmidt (Indologist)

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Johann Wilhelm Richard Schmidt (born January 29, 1866 in Aschersleben ; † November 15, 1939 in Münster / Westphalia ) was a German Indologist , translator and university professor .


The teacher's son was in 1890 in Halle (Saale) Dr. phil. doctorate and habilitation .

He translated the Hexenhammer (today attributed to Heinrich Kramer) from Latin into German (1906). The translation "was violently attacked from the beginning because of its illegible style, the numerous omissions and its errors, which in some cases distort the meaning to the point of being ridiculous."

As an Indologist, Schmidt translated the Kama Sutra from Sanskrit, although interestingly enough he translated some spicy passages into Latin instead of German. As a private lecturer at the University of Halle, his main interest was in creating reliable text editions and translations of works from ancient Indian narrative literature and in developing Sanskrit texts on erotology. In doing so, he made important source material accessible to researchers in other disciplines.

From 1910 he was a professor in Münster / Westphalia. In 1933 he joined the NSDAP (membership number 2,492,244).


  • The witch hammer. Berlin: Barsdorf, 1906


  • The witch hammer. Munich 2000, p. 89 (insufficient life data)
  • * Shantideva (translated by R. Schmidt): Instructions for living as a Bodhisattva. Bodhicaryavatara. PDF

Web links

Wikisource: Richard Schmidt  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Heinrich Kramer (Institoris), Der Hexenhammer, ed. by Günter Jerouschek u. a., Munich 2000, p. 91
  2. Richard Schmidt (Ed.): The Kamasutram. The Indian Ars Amatoria. Along with the complete Commentare (Jayamangala) of Yasodhara . Translated from Sanskrit and edited. by Richard Schmidt. Wilhelm Friedrich, Leipzig 1900